Sheikh Zayed Mosque 謝赫扎耶德清真寺
The Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque (Arabic: جَامِع ٱلشَّيْخ زَايِد ٱلْكَبِيْر, translit. Jāmiʿ Ash-Shaykh Zāyid Al-Kabīr) is located in Abu Dhabi, the capital city of the United Arab Emirates.The largest mosque in the country, it is the key place of worship for daily prayers, Friday gathering and Eid prayers. During Eid, it may be visited by more than 41,000 people.
謝赫扎耶德大清真寺（阿拉伯語：جامعٱلشيخزايدٱلكبير，translit.Jāmi’Ash-ShaykhZāyidAl-Kabīr）位於阿拉伯聯合酋長國首都阿布扎比。該國最大的清真寺，它是 每日祈禱，星期五聚會和開齋節祈禱的重要禮拜場所。 在開齋節期間，超過41,000人可能會訪問它。
Branch/tradition:Sunni Islam (Malikite)
Location:Abu Dhabi, U.A.E.
Location: in the United Arab Emirates
Geographic coordinates:24.412°N 54.474°ECoordinates: 24.412°N 54.474°E
Completed:20 December 2007
Construction cost:2 billion dirhams
Length:420 m (1,380 ft)
Width:290 m (950 ft)
Dome(s):82 domes of seven different sizes
Dome height (outer):85 m (279 ft)
Dome dia. (outer) :32.2 m (106 ft)
Minaret height:107 m (351 ft)
地理坐標：24.412°N 54.474°ECoordinates：24.412°N 54.474°E
The Grand Mosque was constructed between 1996 and 2007. It was designed by Syrian architect Yousef Abdelky. The building complex measures approximately 290 by 420 m (950 by 1,380 ft), covering an area of more than 12 hectares (30 acres), excluding exterior landscaping and vehicle parking. The main axis of the building is rotated about 11° south of true west, aligning it in the direction of the Kaaba in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Dimensions and alignment are estimated from satellite images; this information is not available at the Sheikh Zayed Mosque Web site as of 2014.
The project was launched by the late president of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, who wanted to establish a structure that would unite the cultural diversity of the Islamic world with the historical and modern values of architecture and art. His final resting place is located on the grounds adjacent to the complex.
Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque Center (SZGMC) offices are located in the west minarets. SZGMC manages the day-to-day operations and serves as a center of learning and discovery through its educational cultural activities and visitor programs.
The library, located in the northeast minaret, serves the community with classic books and publications addressing a range of Islamic subjects: sciences, civilization, calligraphy, the arts, and coins, including some rare publications dating back more than 200 years. The collection comprises material in a broad range of languages, including Arabic, English, French, Italian, Spanish, German, and Korean.
For two years running, it was voted the world’s second favorite landmark by TripAdvisor.
大清真寺建於1996年至2007年之間。它由敘利亞建築師Yousef Abdelky設計。該建築群的面積約為290×420米（950×1,380英尺），佔地面積超過12公頃（30英畝），不包括外部景觀和車輛停放。建築物的主軸在真正的西邊向左旋轉約11°，沿著沙特阿拉伯麥加的Kaaba方向對齊。根據衛星圖像估算尺寸和對準;截至2014年，Sheikh Zayed清真寺網站無法提供此信息。
該項目由阿拉伯聯合酋長國（阿聯酋）已故總統Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan發起，他希望建立一個將伊斯蘭世界的文化多樣性與建築和藝術的歷史和現代價值相結合的結構。 。他的最後安息地點位於酒店附近。
The design of the Sheikh Zayed Mosque has been inspired by Persian, Mughal, and the Alexandrian Mosque of Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi Mosque in Egypt, also the Indo-Islamic mosque architecture, particularly the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore, Pakistan being direct influences. The dome layout and floorplan of the mosque was inspired by the Badshahi Mosque. Its archways are quintessentially Moorish, and its minarets classically Arab.
Under lead contractor Impregilo (Italy), more than 3,000 workers and 38 sub-contracting companies took part in its construction. The mosque was completed under a second contract by a Joint Venture between ACC and Six Construct (part of BESIX ) between 2004 and 2007. Natural materials were chosen for much of its design and construction due to their long-lasting qualities, including marble stone, gold, semi-precious stones, crystals and ceramics. Artisans and materials came from many countries including India, Italy, Germany, Egypt, Turkey, Morocco, Pakistan, Malaysia, Iran, China, United Kingdom, New Zealand, Republic of Macedonia and the UAE.
謝赫扎耶德清真寺的設計靈感來自波斯，莫臥兒和埃及的阿布阿爾巴斯穆爾清真寺的亞歷山大清真寺，以及印度 – 伊斯蘭清真寺建築，特別是巴基斯坦拉合爾的Badshahi清真寺受到直接影響。清真寺的圓頂佈局和平面圖靈感來自Badshahi清真寺。它的拱門是典型的摩爾人，其典型的阿拉伯尖塔。
The mosque is large enough to accommodate over 40,000 worshippers, while the main prayer hall can hold over 7,000. There are two smaller prayer halls, with a capacity of 1,500 each, one of which is the women’s prayer hall.
There are four minarets on the four corners of the courtyard which rise about 107 m (351 ft) in height. The courtyard, with its floral design, measures about 17,000 m2 (180,000 sq ft), and is considered to be the largest example of marble mosaic in the world.
-Sivec from Prilep, Macedonia was used on the external cladding (115,119 m2 (1,239,130 sq ft) of cladding has been used on the -mosque, including the minarets)
-Lasa from Laas, South Tyrol, Italy was used in the internal elevations
-Makrana from Makrana, India was used in the annexes and offices
-Acquabianca and Bianco P from Italy
-East White and Ming Green from China
The Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque has many special and unique elements: The carpet in the main prayer hall is considered to be the world’s largest carpet made by Iran’s Carpet Company and designed by Iranian artist Ali Khaliqi.This carpet measures 5,627 m2 (60,570 sq ft), and was made by around 1,200-1,300 carpet knotters. The weight of this carpet is 35 ton and is predominantly made from wool (originating from New Zealand and Iran). There are 2,268,000,000 knots within the carpet and it took approximately two years to complete.
The Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque has seven imported chandeliers from the company Faustig in Munich, Germany that incorporate millions of Swarovski crystals. The largest chandelier is the second largest known chandelier inside a mosque, the third largest in the world, and has a 10 m (33 ft) diameter and a 15 m (49 ft) height.
The pools along the arcades reflect the mosque’s columns, which become illuminated at night. The unique lighting system was designed by lighting architects Speirs and Major Associates to reflect the phases of the moon. Beautiful bluish gray clouds are projected in lights onto the external walls and get brighter and darker according to the phase of the moon.
The 96 columns in the main prayer hall are clad with marble and inlaid with mother of pearl, one of the few places where one can see this craftsmanship.
The 99 names (qualities or attributes) of God (Allah) are featured on the Qibla wall in traditional Kufic calligraphy, designed by the prominent UAE calligrapher — Mohammed Mandi Al Tamimi. The Qibla wall also features subtle fibre-optic lighting, which is integrated as part of the organic design.
In total, three calligraphy styles — Naskhi, Thuluth and Kufic — are used throughout the mosque and were drafted by Mohammed Mandi Al Tamimi of the UAE, Farouk Haddad of Syria and Mohammed Allam of Jordan.
上帝（真主）的99個名字（品質或屬性）在傳統的庫菲書法的Qibla牆上展出，由著名的阿聯酋書法家穆罕默德·曼迪·塔米米（Mohammed Mandi Al Tamimi）設計。 Qibla牆還具有微妙的光纖照明，作為有機設計的一部分。
總共有三種書法風格–Naskhi，Thuluth和Kufic–在整個清真寺使用，由阿聯酋的Mohammed Mandi Al Tamimi，敘利亞的Farouk Haddad和約旦的Mohammed Allam起草。
Don’t you think it’s addictive?
Want to know more about the beauty of architecture?
Come and join our members to explore the beauty of architectural design.
The above article is purely for appreciation and sharing purposes, as well as the construction of new technology and the public can be in-depth understanding of the information at the same time there are sources, will be able to query, no use of the document as a commercial transaction, if illegal, please inform the We will immediately remove the site, thank you for cooperation.