Almudena Cathedral 阿穆德納聖母主教堂

Almudena Cathedral (Santa María la Real de La Almudena) is a Catholic church in Madrid, Spain. It is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Madrid. The cathedral was consecrated by Pope John Paul II in 1993.

阿爾穆德納大教堂(SantaMaríalaReal de La Almudena)是西班牙馬德里的天主教堂。 它是馬德里羅馬天主教大主教管區的所在地。 大教堂於1993年由教皇約翰保羅二世奉獻。

Location:Madrid, Spain
Geographic coordinates:40.415586°N 3.714558°WCoordinates: 40.415586°N 3.714558°W
Affiliation:Roman Catholic Church
Rite Roman
Province:Archdiocese of Madrid
Year consecrated :June 15, 1993
Ecclesiastical or organizational status:Active
Patron:Virgin of Almudena
Architectural description
Architect(s):Marquis of Cubas
Fernando Chueca
Architectural type:Church
Architectural style:Neoclassical, Neo-Gothic, Neo-Romanesque
Groundbreaking:April 4, 1883
Completed:June 15, 1993
Length:102 m
Width (nave):12.5 m
Materials:Granite of Colmenar Viejo and marble from Novelda

地理坐標:40.415586°N 3.714558°W坐標:40.415586°N 3.714558°W
Fernando Chueca
材料:Colmenar Viejo的花崗岩和Novelda的大理石

When the capital of Spain was transferred from Toledo to Madrid in 1561, the seat of the Church in Spain remained in Toledo and the new capital had no cathedral. Plans to build a cathedral in Madrid dedicated to the Virgin of Almudena were discussed as early as the 16th century but even though Spain built more than 40 cities in the new world during that century and plenty of cathedrals, the cost of expanding and keeping the Empire came first and the construction of Madrid’s cathedral was postponed. Making the cathedral the largest that the world had ever seen was then a priority, all other main Spanish cities had centuries old cathedrals, Madrid also has old churches but the construction of Almudena only began in 1879.

The cathedral seems to have been built on the site of a medieval mosque that was destroyed in 1083 when Alfonso VI reconquered Madrid.

Francisco de Cubas, the Marquis of Cubas, designed and directed the construction in a Gothic revival style. Construction ceased completely during the Spanish Civil War, and the project was abandoned until 1950, when Fernando Chueca Goitia adapted the plans of de Cubas to a baroque exterior to match the grey and white façade of the Palacio Real, which stands directly opposite. The cathedral was not completed until 1993, when it was consecrated by Pope John Paul II. On May 22, 2004, the marriage of King Felipe VI, then crown prince, to Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano took place at the cathedral.

The Neo-Gothic interior is uniquely modern, with chapels and statues of contemporary artists, in heretogeneous styles, from historical revivals to “pop-art” decor. The Blessed Sacrament Chapel features mosaic from known artist Fr. Marko Ivan Rupnik.

The Neo-Romanesque crypt houses a 16th-century image of the Virgen de la Almudena. Nearby along the Calle Mayor excavations have unearthed remains of Moorish and medieval city walls.

On April 28, 2004, Cardinal Antonio María Rouco Varela, Archbishop of Madrid, blessed the new paintings in the apse, painted by Kiko Arguello, founder of the Neocatechumenal Way.



古巴侯爵弗朗西斯科·德古巴斯(Francisco de Cubas)以哥特式複興風格設計並指導建築。在西班牙內戰期間,建築完全停止,該項目被放棄到1950年,當時Fernando Chueca Goitia將de Cubas的計劃改編為巴洛克風格的外觀,以匹配Palacio Real的灰色和白色外觀,直接位於對面。大教堂直到1993年才被完成,當時它被教皇約翰保羅二世奉獻。 2004年5月22日,當時的王儲費利佩六世與Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano的婚禮在大教堂舉行。

新哥特式風格的內飾是獨特的現代風格,配有禮拜堂和當代藝術家的雕像,風格各異,從歷史復興到“流行藝術”裝飾。 Blessed Sacrament Chapel教堂擁有來自著名藝術家Fr.的馬賽克。 Marko Ivan Rupnik。

新羅馬式地窖擁有16世紀的Virgen de la Almudena形象。沿著Calle Mayor的發掘區附近出土了摩爾人和中世紀城牆遺址。

2004年4月28日,馬德里大主教安東尼奧·瑪麗亞·羅科·瓦雷拉紅衣主教祝賀新時期的新畫作,由新大門教會創始人Kiko Arguello繪製。

The Cathedral is 104 m long and 76 m wide. The central dome has a diameter of 20 m. The building is situated adjacent to the Royal Palace, in front of “Plaza de Armas” of the Palace, on the south side.

The bright interior of Almudena Cathedral is based in the Neo-Gothic style, that it is uniquely modern, with chapels and statues of contemporary artists, in heterogeneous styles, from historical revivals to “pop-art” decor.

Dome of the Almudena CathedralAttractions in this place:

The Neo-Romanesque Crypt, built in the 19th century, is the oldest section of the Cathedral and houses a 16th century image of the Almudena Virgin. Nearby along the Mayor Street excavations have unearthed remains of Moorish and medieval city walls.
The Almudena Cathedral has a Museum explaining the history of the church and the archdiocese of Madrid. You can visit the new mosaics that decorate the Cathedral Sacristy and Chapter Hall and then go through the clerestory and finish off enjoying a spectacular view over Madrid from its dome.

大教堂長104米,寬76米。中央圓頂的直徑為20米。該建築毗鄰皇宮,位於宮殿的“Plaza de Armas”前面,位於南側。



Neo-Romanesque地穴建於19世紀,是大教堂最古老的部分,擁有16世紀的Almudena Virgin形象。在市長街附近發掘出了摩爾人和中世紀城牆遺址。


FROM:Almudena Cathedral & Panoramic Madrid

FROM:Travel Madrid, Spain – Almudena Cathedral in Madrid

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