Kotelnicheskaya Apartment Building

Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Building is one of seven Stalinist skyscrapers laid down in September 1947 and completed in 1952, designed by Dmitry Chechulin (then Chief Architect of Moscow) and Andrei Rostkovsky. The main tower has 32 levels (including mechanical floors) and is 176 metres (577 ft) tall. At the time of construction it was the tallest building in Europe.

Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Building是1947年9月建成並於1952年完工的七座斯大林主義摩天大樓之一,由Dmitry Chechulin(當時的莫斯科首席建築師)和Andrei Rostkovsky設計。主塔有32層(包括機械地板),高176米(577英尺)。在建造時它是歐洲最高的建築。

General information
Location:Tagansky District, Moscow, Russia
Coordinates:55°44′50″N 37°38′34″ECoordinates: 55°44′50″N 37°38′34″E
Architectural:176 m (577 ft)
Technical details
Floor count:32
Design and construction
Architect:Dmitry Chechylin, Andrei Rostkovsky

坐標:55°44’50“N 37°38’34”ECoordinates:55°44’50“N 37°38’34”E
建築師:Dmitry Chechylin,Andrei Rostkovsky

The building also incorporates a 9-story apartment block facing Moskva River, designed by the same architects in 1938 and completed in 1940. Originally built in stern early Stalinist style, with wet stucco wall finishes, it was re-finished in terracotta panels in line with the main tower and acquired ornate pseudo-Gothic crowns over its 12-story raised corners and center tower. By the end of World War II, the side wing was converted to multi-family kommunalka housing, in a contrast to the planned elite status of the main tower.


The main tower, of a conventional steel frame structural type, has a hexagonal cross-section with three side wings (18 storeys, including two mechanical floors). While it is not exceptionally tall or massive, the “upward surge” of five stepped-up layers, from a flat 9-storey side wing to the spire, gives the impression of a larger structure. The structure hides behind itself a so-called “Shvivaya Gorka”, a hill with historical architecture and a maze of steeply inclined streets. Chechulin was initially criticized for complete disregard of this area, but his bureaucratic influence brushed off any criticisms.

傳統鋼框架結構類型的主塔具有六邊形橫截面,具有三個側翼(18層,包括兩個機械地板)。雖然它不是特別高或大,但是從9層高的側翼到尖頂的五個升高層的“向上沖擊”給人的印像是更大的結構。該建築隱藏著一個所謂的“Shvivaya Gorka”,一座擁有歷史建築的小山和一條陡峭傾斜的街道迷宮。 Chechulin最初因完全無視這一領域而受到批評,但他的官僚主義影響已經消除了任何批評。


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