Neutelings Riedijk Architects has converted a railway station in Brussels into a mixed-use development, which is the largest cross-laminated timber project in Europe.
Within the former 20th-century railway shed the architecture studio has created 12 pavilions from 10,000 cubic metres of timber making it Europe’s largest cross-laminated timber (CLT) project according to developer Extensa.
The goods railway sheds near Brussels’ docks have been turned into a covered hall filled with shops and offices and space for events, as part of the wider Tour & Taxi development.
A glass and timber roof covers the historic steel struts of Gare Maritime. The CLT volumes below are clad in oak and surrounded by trees and indoor parks.
玻璃和木材屋頂覆蓋了Gare Maritime的歷史悠久的鋼支柱。 下面的CLT卷被橡樹覆蓋，周圍環繞著樹木和室內公園。
“The twelve pavilions create a new structure of boulevards and street, parks and squares, that follows the existing urban context and the building structure in a natural and logical way,” said Neutelings Riedijk Architects co-founder Michiel Riedijk.
Using large amount of CLT was part of the plan to make the development of Gare Maritime as sustainable as possible.
Neutelings Riedijk Architects聯合創始人Michiel Riedijk說：“這十二個亭子創造了林蔭大道，街道，公園和廣場的新結構，以自然和邏輯的方式順應了現有的城市背景和建築結構。”
CLT is made by glueing together panels of wood, a renewable material, to create a light yet sturdy construction material. For Gare Maritime, using CLT meant the structures could be prefabricated offsite to cut down construction time.
Neutelings Riedijk Architects followed the principles of the circular economy – where materials are kept in circulation rather than discarded in favour of extracting new raw materials – for the project. The modular CLT structures can be easily taken apart and the panels repurposed at a later date.
CLT是通過將木板（一種可再生材料）粘合在一起以製造輕巧而堅固的建築材料而製成的。 對於Gare Maritime而言，使用CLT意味著可以在場外預製結構以減少施工時間。
Neutelings Riedijk建築師遵循該項目的循環經濟原則，即物料循環流通而不是為了提取新的原材料而丟棄。 模塊化的CLT結構可以輕鬆拆卸，以後可以重新使用面板。
As an adaptive reuse project, Gare Maritime conserves energy and materials by making use of an existing structure instead of demolishing and building an entirely new complex in its place.
Jan de Moffarts Architects, Bureau Bouwtechniek, Ney & Partners and Boydens undertook the restoration of the old railway sheds. The riveted lattice girders and three-hinge trusses have been carefully restored and, in certain places, reinforced.
Jan de Moffarts建築師，Bouwtechniek局，Ney＆Partners和Boydens進行了舊鐵路棚的修復。 鉚接的桁架樑和三鉸鏈桁架已經過精心修復，並在某些地方得到了加固。
Gare Maritime also runs entirely on non-fossil fuel energy. Solar panels are included in the street-facing facade and a further 17,000 square metres of solar panels are installed on the roof.
Rainwater is collected to water the ten gardens, which are all planted around four different themes – woodland, flowers, grass and fragrance. Eight mosaics by Brussels-based artist Henri Jacobs also decorate the interiors.
Gare Maritime還完全使用非化石燃料能源。 面向街道的外牆包括太陽能電池板，屋頂上還安裝了17,000平方米的太陽能電池板。
收集雨水來澆灌十個花園，這些花園都圍繞著四個不同的主題種植–林地，花卉，草和香水。 布魯塞爾藝術家亨利·雅各布斯（Henri Jacobs）的八幅馬賽克裝飾了內部。
Neutelings Riedijk Architects was founded in 1987 by Willem Jan Neutelings and Michiel Riedijk and is based in Rotterdam.
More major CLT projects include an apartment block in Sweden by CF Møller Architects and a community college in Canada by Dialog.
Photography is by Filip Dujardin unless stated otherwise.
Neutelings Riedijk建築師事務所由Willem Jan Neutelings和Michiel Riedijk於1987年成立，總部位於鹿特丹。