Province:Archdiocese of Zaragoza
Rite:Roman Rite
Ecclesiastical or organizational status:Minor Basilica
Year consecrated:1st or 2nd century AD
Location:Zaragoza, Aragon
Style:Baroque, Neo-Mudéjar


The Cathedral-Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar (Spanish: Catedral-Basílica de Nuestra Señora del Pilar) is a Roman Catholic church in the city of Zaragoza, Aragon (Spain). The Basilica venerates Blessed Virgin Mary, under her title Our Lady of the Pillar praised as “Mother of the Hispanic Peoples” by Pope John Paul II. It is reputed to be the first church dedicated to Mary in history.

聖母大教堂大教堂(西班牙語:Catedral-Basílicade NuestraSeñoradel Pilar)是位於阿拉貢(西班牙)薩拉戈薩市的羅馬天主教教堂。 大教堂尊貴的聖母瑪利亞,以其教皇約翰·保羅二世稱讚“西班牙裔母親”為標題。 它被認為是歷史上第一座獻給瑪麗的教堂。

Local traditions take the history of this basilica to the dawn of Christianity in Spain attributing to an apparition to Saint James the Great, the apostle who is believed by tradition to have brought Christianity to the country. This is the only reported apparition of Mary to have occurred before her believed Assumption.

Many of the kings of Spain, many other foreign rulers and saints have paid their devotion before this statue of Mary. Saint John of the Cross, Saint Teresa of Ávila, Saint Ignatius of Loyola, and Blessed William Joseph Chaminade are among the foremost ones. The Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar is one of two minor basilicas in the city of Zaragoza, and is co-cathedral of the city alongside the nearby La Seo de Zaragoza. The architecture is of Baroque style, and the present building was predominantly built between 1681 and 1872.

當地的傳統將這座大教堂的歷史帶入了西班牙的基督教時代,這歸因於聖詹姆斯大帝(James the Great)的幻影,聖詹姆斯被傳統認為將基督教帶入了該國。 這是瑪麗在她相信的假設之前唯一發生的幻影。

西班牙的許多國王,許多其他外國統治者和聖賢都在這個瑪麗雕像前獻出了自己的虔誠。 十字架的聖約翰,阿維拉的聖特蕾莎修女,洛約拉的聖伊格納修斯和祝福的威廉·約瑟夫·查米納德就在其中。 支柱聖母大教堂是薩拉戈薩市的兩個較小的大教堂之一,是該市的共同大教堂,與附近的La Seo de薩拉戈薩市相鄰。 該建築具有巴洛克風格,目前的建築主要建於1681年至1872年之間。

The statue is wooden and 39 cm tall and rests on a column of jasper. The tradition of the shrine of El Pilar, as given by Our Lady in an apparition to Sister Mary Agreda and written about in The Mystical City of God, is that Our Lady was carried on a cloud by the angels to Zaragoza during the night. While they were traveling, the angels built a pillar of marble, and a miniature image of Our Lady. Our Lady gave the message to St James and added that a church was to be built on the site where the apparition took place. The pillar and the image were to be part of the main altar. The image was crowned in 1905 with a crown designed by the Marquis of Griñi, and valued at 450,000 pesetas (£18,750, 1910).

這座雕像是木製的,高39厘米,靠在一列碧玉上。 聖母瑪利亞·阿格里達修女給我們戴上的聖母瑪利亞·阿格里達(El Mary)的幻影中所寫並在《神的神秘之城》中寫到,埃爾皮拉爾神廟的傳統是,天使在夜晚被雲霧籠罩著薩拉戈薩。 當他們旅行時,天使們建造了大理石柱子,以及聖母像的縮影。 聖母將信息傳達給聖詹姆斯,並補充說,將在發生幻影的地點建造一座教堂。 支柱和圖像將成為主祭壇的一部分。 該圖像於1905年加蓋了由格里尼侯爵(Marquis ofGriñi)設計的皇冠,價值為450,000比塞塔(£18,750,1910)。


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