Chichester Cross is an elaborate Perpendicular market cross in the centre of the city of Chichester, West Sussex, standing at the intersection of the four principal streets. It is a Grade I listed building.

奇切斯特十字架(Chichester Cross)是位於西薩塞克斯郡奇切斯特市中心的精心製作的垂直市場十字架,位於四個主要街道的交匯處。 這是一棟列入I級的建築。

According to the inscription upon it, this cross was built by Edward Story, Bishop of Chichester from 1477 to 1503; but little is known for certain and the style and ornaments of the building suggest that it may date from the reign of Edward IV. It was built so that the poor people should have somewhere to sell their wares, and as a meeting point. An earlier wooden cross had been erected on the same site by Bishop William Reade (1369-1385). The stone cross was repaired during the reign of Charles II, and at the expense of Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond in 1746, and stands to this day.

根據上面的銘文,這個十字架是1477年至1503年由奇切斯特主教愛德華·斯托里(Edward Story)建造的。 但是鮮為人知,該建築的風格和裝飾表明它可能要追溯到愛德華四世統治時期。 它的建立是為了使窮人應該有地方可以出售他們的商品,並作為聚會的地方。 主教威廉·里德(1369-1385)在同一地點豎立了一個較早的木製十字架。 石製十字架在查理二世統治期間得到修復,並於1746年以列治文第二任公爵查爾斯·倫諾克斯為代價,至今一直屹立至今。

The Market Cross is constructed of Caen stone, one of the most favoured building materials of the age. The cross’ form is octangular, having a strong butment at each angle, surmounted with pinnacles. On each of its faces is an entrance through a pointed arch, ornamented with crockets and a finial. Above this, on four of its sides, is a tablet, to commemorate its reparation in the reign of Charles II. Above each tablet is a dial, exhibiting the hour to each of the three principal streets; the fourth being excluded from this advantage by standing at an angle. In the centre is a large circular column, the basement of which forms a seat: into this column is inserted a number of groinings, which, spreading from the centre, form the roof beautifully moulded. The central column appears to continue through the roof, and is supported without by eight flying buttresses, which rest on the several corners of the building. Malmesbury Market Cross in Wiltshire is the other surviving late medieval covered English market cross with a similar form, but rather smaller and more simple.

集市十字架由凱恩石建造,凱恩石是該時代最受青睞的建築材料之一。十字架的形狀是八角形的,在每個角度都具有堅硬的拱頂,上面有尖峰。它的每個面上都有一個通過尖拱門的入口,上面飾有和小飾物。其上方有四個平板,以紀念其在查理二世統治期間的賠償。每個平板電腦上方是一個錶盤,向三個主要街道分別顯示小時。第四種由於傾斜而被排除在這種優勢之外。中心是一個很大的圓形圓柱,圓柱的地下部分形成一個座位:在該圓柱中插入許多股溝,這些股溝從中心散開,形成了造型精美的屋頂。中央柱子似乎延續穿過屋頂,並且沒有支撐在建築物的幾個角落上的八個扶壁。威爾特郡的馬姆斯伯里市場十字架(Malmesbury Market Cross)是另一個倖存的中世紀後期覆蓋英國市場的十字架,其形式類似,但更小,更簡單。

Until the start of the nineteenth century the Cross was used as a market-place; but the increased population of the city requiring a more extensive area for that purpose, a large and convenient market-house was, about the year 1807, erected in the North-street; on the completion of which, it was proposed to take down this Cross, then considered as a nuisance. This was prevented from taking place when some of the members of the corporation purchased several houses on the north side of the Cross in order to widen that part of the street by their demolition.

直到十九世紀初,十字架一直被用作市場。 但是由於城市人口的增加,為此目的需要更廣闊的面積,大約在1807年,便在北街上建立了一個大型且便利的市場。 在此完成後,建議拆除該十字架,然後認為是令人討厭的事。 當公司的某些成員在十字架的北側購買了幾所房屋,以通過拆除來拓寬街道的那部分時,就無法實現這一點。


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