Architecture firms Snøhetta, Studio Gang and Henning Larsen have unveiled proposals competing for the Theodore Roosevelt Presidential Library in Medora, North Dakota, with designs that draw on the surrounding, rugged Badlands.
US firm Studio Gang, Copenhagen firm Henning Larsen and Snøhetta, which has offices in New York and Oslo, are competing to complete the library for Roosevelt, who served as the 26th president of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
The Theodore Roosevelt Presidential Library is intended for a plot in North Dakota city Medora, which is surrounded by Badlands and abuts Theodore Roosevelt National Park. Each design proposal aims to draw on the rough terrain of the Badlands and the conservation policies Roosevelt worked on while president.
建築公司Snøhetta，Studio Gang和Henning Larsen提出了競標，爭奪北達科他州梅多拉的西奧多·羅斯福總統圖書館，其設計借鑒了周圍崎surrounding的荒地。
美國公司Studio Gang，哥本哈根公司Henning Larsen和Snøhetta分別在紐約和奧斯陸設有辦事處，它們正在爭奪羅斯福的圖書館，羅斯福從1901年到1909年曾擔任美國第26任總統。
Henning Larsen’s proposal (top and above) is fragmented into four angular volumes topped with green roofs｜亨寧·拉森（Henning Larsen）的建議（頂部和上方）分為四個角卷，頂部是綠色屋頂
“There is a unique and awe-inspiring beauty to everything about the Badlands that you simply cannot experience anywhere else,” said Henning Larsen’s design lead, Michael Sørensen. “The landscape only fully unfolds once you are already within it; once you are, the hills, buttes, fields, and streams stretch as far as you can see.”
Henning Larsen and its project partner, the landscape architects Nelson Byrd Woltz, have developed a scheme composed of four angular grey volumes that are spliced with glass and topped with grass.
Inside, the volumes would be linked underground. Exhibition spaces would be punctuated by different views of the surrounding, and begin in darkness and then gradually become more light as visitors move through the exhibit.
“The design fuses the landscape and building into one living system emerging from the site’s geology,” Nelson Byrd Woltz founder Thomas Woltz added. “The buildings frame powerful landscape views to the surrounding buttes and the visitor experience is seamlessly connected to the rivers, trails, and grazing lands surrounding the library.”
亨寧·拉森（Henning Larsen）的設計負責人邁克爾·索倫森（MichaelSørensen）說：“荒地的一切都擁有獨特而令人敬畏的美麗，而您在其他任何地方都無法體驗到。 “一旦進入景觀，景觀就會完全展現出來；一旦出現，山丘，山丘，田野和溪流就會延伸到您所能看到的範圍。”
亨寧·拉爾森（Henning Larsen）及其項目合作夥伴，風景園林師納爾遜·伯德·沃爾茲（Nelson Byrd Woltz）已開發出一種方案，該方案由四個有角的灰色體積組成，這些體積由玻璃拼接而成，上面鋪滿草。
納爾遜·伯德·沃爾茲（Nelson Byrd Woltz）創始人托馬斯·沃爾茲（Thomas Woltz）補充說：“設計將景觀和建築融合到了該地點的地質之中。” “這些建築物對周圍的小山形成了強大的景觀，遊客的體驗與圖書館周圍的河流，小徑和牧場緊密相連。”
Studio Gang and OLIN have designed a scheme composed of three horse shoe-shaped structures｜Studio Gang和OLIN設計了由三個馬蹄形結構組成的方案
Studio Gang, which is collaborating with landscape firm OLIN, has proposed a library that act as a “basecamp” for the nearby Badlands national park.
Drawing on the formation of the Badlands, the building is separated into three horse shoe-shaped elements that each host different elements of the programme. The spaces between each are intended to be like “cracks” in the park soil.
The curves of the three volumes meet in the middle to form a dome in the centre of the building with a latticework roof, and the exterior is intended to open up to the surroundings.
“Our design is inspired by [Roosevelt’s] dual love of learning and the outdoors,” said Studio Gang founder Jeanne Gang.
Studio Gang創始人Jeanne Gang說：“我們的設計靈感來自羅斯福對學習和戶外的雙重熱愛。”
A dome covered by latticework will provide the connection between the three structures｜網格覆蓋的圓頂將提供三個結構之間的連接
According to the firm, the library will also be net-zero, carbon-neutral, and will integrate an ecological restoration and management plan for the surrounding site.
“As the first Presidential Library attached to a National Park, the project is poised to foster greater understanding, environmental stewardship, and healing in one of North America’s most incredible natural places,” Gang explained.
“Intimately connected with the ecology of the North Dakota Badlands, Basecamp will at once draw people inward for intellectual exchange and direct them outward for physical exploration, allowing them to discover new connections with each other and the natural world.”
Snøhetta’s proposal has a huge curved accessible rooftop designed to act as an extension of the landscape. It would be located to the northeast edge of the butte and built with “natural and renewable” materials, according to the firm, with visuals showing large expanses of wood and glass.
A curved pathway would connect to the Maah Daah Hey Trail and additional pavilions.
The project is also intended to extend beyond its site, including connections to Little Missouri River, a former military camp called the Cantonment, and the original train depot in where Roosevelt first arrived in the area. There would also be a parking option near these external sites for visitors to catch an electric caravan to the site.
彎曲的道路將連接至Maah Daah Hey小徑和其他涼亭。
Snøhetta’s design has a curved grassy roof that appears to rise from the butte｜Snøhetta的設計有一個彎曲的草屋頂，似乎從小山上升起
The project, which is being led by the Theodore Roosevelt Presidential Library Foundation, will be built in North Dakota in recognition of Roosevelt’s affiliation with the state.
Born in New York City, Roosevelt first travelled to North Dakota, which was then known as part of Dakota Territory, aged 24 on a hunting trip. Over the years, he invested in two ranches and split his time between them and his home in New York.
Studio Gang, Henning Larsen and Snøhetta were shortlisted for the project from 12 practices that applied to the Request for Qualifications (RFQ) that the foundation made public in April to find a suitable architect for the project. The winning design will be selected in late September 2020.
羅斯福（Roosevelt）生於紐約，他首先前往北達科他州（North Dakota），該州後來被稱為達科他地區（Dakota Territory）的一部分，他在狩獵旅行中年僅24歲。 多年來，他投資了兩個牧場，並將時間分散在他和紐約的家中。
剛從Studio Gang，Henning Larsen和Snøhetta入選該項目的12個實踐中，這些實踐適用於基金會於4月公開提出的資格要求（RFQ），以尋找適合該項目的建築師。 獲獎設計將在2020年9月下旬選定。
The studio said the library would be built with renewable and natural materials｜該工作室說，圖書館將使用可再生和天然材料建造
Once completed it will join the 13 presidential libraries in the US that serve as archives and museums illustrating the life and work of each president since Herbert Hoover, who was in office from 1929-1933. They are each built in their president’s home state, with the most recent library completed for George W Bush, in Dallas, Texas.
Architects Tod Williams and Billie Tsien are designing the 14th presidential library for Barack Obama, who ended his term in 2017. They were selected for the project in June 2016 from a strong-list that included Snøhetta, Renzo Piano and David Adjaye.
Called the Barack Obama Presidential Center, the project has encountered controversy because of its siting in the historic Jackson Park, which was designed in 1871 by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux.
Last month, Architectural Digest reported it was delayed further after the Illinois State Historic Preservation Office (HPO) requested “additional design reviews”.
建成後，它將與美國的13個總統圖書館一起，作為檔案館和博物館，展示自1929年至1933年就職於赫伯特·胡佛（Herbert Hoover）以來每位總統的生活和工作。 他們每個人都是在總統的故鄉建造的，為德克薩斯州達拉斯的喬治·W·布什（George W Bush）完成了最新的圖書館。
建築師托德·威廉姆斯（Tod Williams）和比利·錢（Billie Tsien）正在為巴拉克·奧巴馬（Barack Obama）設計第14座總統圖書館，奧巴馬總統於2017年任期屆滿。他們於2016年6月被提名為該項目的強項，其中包括Snøhetta，Renzo Piano和David Adjaye。
這個項目被稱為巴拉克·奧巴馬（Barack Obama）總統中心，因為它位於歷史悠久的傑克遜公園（Jackson Park）中而引起爭議，該公園由弗雷德里克·勞·奧爾姆斯特（Frederick Law Olmsted）和卡爾弗特·沃克斯（Calvert Vaux）於1871年設計。