A museum dedicated to the Bauhaus, designed by Barcelona studio Addenda Architects, has opened in the German town of Dessau, the former home of the hugely influential design school.

Named Bauhaus Museum Dessau, the simple glass block is located in the centre of the town where the school was based in a building designed by Walter Gropius between 1925 and 1932.

由巴塞羅那工作室Addenda Architects設計的包豪斯博物館已在德國小鎮德紹開設,該鎮是這個極具影響力的設計學院的故居。

這座簡單的玻璃磚被命名為包豪斯博物館德紹,位於鎮中心,學校位於Walter Gropius於1925年至1932年間設計的建築物中。

The 5,500-square-metre museum has two major elements – an open ground floor that will be used for temporary exhibitions and a floating “black box”, which contains gallery space to display delicate items from the Bauhaus collection.

“Our basic concept for the museum was to create a large, flexible space so that exhibitions and workshops can take place without feeling restricted in any way by the architecture,” said Roberto González, one of the founders of Addenda Architects.

這個佔地5,500平方米的博物館有兩個主要元素 – 一個用於臨時展覽的開放式底層和一個浮動的“黑匣子”,其中包含展示Bauhaus系列精美物品的畫廊空間。

“我們對博物館的基本概念是創造一個大而靈活的空間,以便展覽和工作坊可以在不受建築物任何限制的情況下進行,”Addenda Architects的創始人之一RobertoGonzález說。

Constructed from a 100-metre-long concrete tube, the black box is designed to provide optimal conditions to preserve sensitive items in the collection and has no natural light.

It is supported solely by two stairwells and sits five metres above the open ground floor, with a 50-metre central span and 18-metre cantilevers at each end.

“The black box hovers five metres above visitors’ heads. It is always there, always present – like the legacy of the historic Bauhaus,” explained González.

黑匣子由100米長的混凝土管構成,旨在為保護系列中的敏感物品提供最佳條件,並且沒有自然光。

它僅由兩個樓梯間支撐,位於開放式地面以上五米處,中央跨度為50米,兩端各有18米懸臂。

González解釋說:“黑匣子徘徊在遊客頭上方五米處。它始終存在,總是存在 – 就像歷史悠久的包豪斯遺產一樣。”

On the ground floor a flexible space is located between the two stairwells, while there are offices under the cantilever at the building’s northern end, and education spaces at the southern end.

Named the Open Stage, the central area contains the museum’s entrance hall, ticket desk, cafe, shop and 600 square-metres of temporary exhibition space.

在一樓,兩個樓梯間之間有一個靈活的空間,而建築物北端的懸臂下有辦公室,南端有教育空間。

中心區域名為Open Stage,包括博物館的入口大廳,售票處,咖啡廳,商店和600平方米的臨時展覽空間。

The building has a uniform exterior with all four sides of the building entirely clad in triple-glazed panels that are arranged on a 2.1-metre grid. It is topped with a green roof.

該建築外觀均勻,建築的四面全部採用三層玻璃面板,排列在2.1米的網格上。 它頂部是綠色屋頂。

Although Addenda Architects did not intend to directly replicate Bauhaus architecture with its design, González believes that the result is “very Bauhaus”.

“Nothing about the new building was intended as a direct quotation from the outset. But as architects from Barcelona, we have always had a close relationship with Mies van der Rohe,” he explained.

“There is a strong connection to the Pavilion in Barcelona. Of course, not every architect in Barcelona loves the Pavilion but we are definitely a team of Mies fans.”

儘管Addenda Architects並不打算用其設計直接複製包豪斯建築,但González認為結果是“非常包豪斯”。

“從一開始就沒有關於新建築的直接報價。但作為來自巴塞羅那的建築師,我們一直與密斯凡德羅有著密切的關係,”他解釋道。

“與巴塞羅那的展館有很強的聯繫。當然,並不是巴塞羅那的每一位建築師都喜歡這個展館,但我們絕對是一群密斯粉絲。”

“Our building is about proportion, positioning and space. It’s not so much about using the highest quality materials,” he continued.

“But the Bauhaus Museum Dessau shows that given the right combination of materials, space, colours, etc. you can achieve an outstanding result with limited resources. That’s very Bauhaus.”

“我們的建築是關於比例,位置和空間。使用最優質的材料並非如此,”他繼續道。

“但德紹包豪斯博物館展示瞭如果材料,空間,顏色等合適的組合,你可以用有限的資源取得優異的成果。那就是包豪斯。”

The building has been opened as part of the celebrations of the centenary of the Bauhaus opening in 1918.

Along with the Bauhaus Museum Dessau, another museum dedicated to the design school has opened this year. The Bauhaus Museum Weimar, designed by Heike Hanada, opened in the city where the school was first established.

該建築已成為1918年包豪斯開業百年慶典的一部分。

與德紹包豪斯博物館一起,今年開設了另一座致力於設計學院的博物館。 由Heike Hanada設計的魏瑪包豪斯博物館在學校最初成立的城市開業。

FROM:https://www.dezeen.com/2019/09/11/bauhaus-museum-dessau-open-addenda-architects/

 

 

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