US firm William Rawn Associates has created a series of buildings for a performing arts campus in western Massachusetts, where retractable glass walls allow music to spill outdoors.
美國公司William Rawn Associates為馬薩諸塞州西部的表演藝術校園創建了一系列建築物，其中可伸縮的玻璃牆允許音樂在戶外溢出。
The Linde Center for Music and Learning is located on the northern edge of the 524-acre (212-hectare) campus in the Berkshires town of Lenox.
Established in the 1930s, Tanglewood houses several music schools and serves as the summer home for the Boston Symphony Orchestra. A range of concerts are held on the campus, from classical music to jazz and pop.
Designed by Boston studio William Rawn Associates, the new centre – Tanglewood’s first building project in 25 years – consists of four, single-level buildings arrayed along a serpentine walkway.
Perched on a small ridge, the complex overlooks the verdant campus and the Berkshire Hills.
由波士頓工作室William Rawn Associates設計，新中心–Tanglewood 25年來的第一個建築項目 – 由沿蛇形走道排列的四個單層建築組成。
The centre’s built area encompasses 24,000 square feet (2,230 square metres). Designed to be used year-round, the complex serves a range of functions, from hosting performances to housing the newly established Tanglewood Learning Institute. The centre will also be used by cultural and educational organisations within the region.
Rather than create a single building, the architects produced “a series of pavilion studios that engage the landscape, including a century-old red oak tree”.
該中心的建成區面積為24,000平方英尺（2,230平方米）。 該綜合設施旨在全年使用，提供各種功能，從舉辦表演到新成立的Tanglewood學習中心。 該中心也將被該地區的文化和教育組織使用。
Three of the four buildings – Studio E, the Gordon Family Studio and the Volpe Family Studio – are dedicated for rehearsals and performances, with the largest able to accommodate 270 musicians. The fourth pavilion houses a cafe with a sheltered terrace.
Facades are wrapped in tongue-and-groove siding made of western red cedar – an earthy material that helps the structures blend with the natural setting. The studio buildings, which are trapezoidal in plan, are topped with shed roofs made of zinc-coated copper.
四個建築中的三個 – Studio E，Gordon Family Studio和Volpe Family Studio – 專門用於排練和表演，最大的可以容納270名音樂家。 第四個展館設有一個帶遮蔽露台的咖啡廳。
外牆採用西部紅柏製成的榫槽壁板包裹 – 一種泥土材料，有助於結構與自然環境融為一體。 工作室建築是平面梯形的，頂部是鍍鋅屋頂，由鍍鋅銅製成。
Maple was used for interior walls and flooring. To allow for customisable sound conditions, the team incorporated motorised or manually adjustable acoustic curtains into the studios, either left visible or concealed behind wooden slats.
In several of the buildings, retractable glass walls enable the interior to merge with the surrounding landscape. The transparent walls are also meant to encourage social exchange and foster a sense of community.
Sustainability was a guiding concern from the design team. Natural ventilation and abundant daylighting reduce energy usage, while rooftop photovoltaics generate electricity. The buildings also have high-efficiency mechanical systems, LED theatrical lighting and low-flow plumbing fixtures.
The studios are the first year-round structures on campus to have both heating and air conditioning. The facilities also offer webcasting and broadcasting capabilities, enabling Tanglewood to gain exposure among a broader audience.
可持續性是設計團隊的一個指導性問題。 自然通風和充足的採光減少了能源使用，而屋頂光伏發電則發電。 這些建築還擁有高效機械系統，LED舞檯燈光和低流量管道裝置。
The Linde Center joins other notable works of architecture on the Tanglewood campus, including the Koussevitzky Music Shed, a fan-shaped building by architect Eliel Sarrenin that opened in 1938. Other structures include the Gothic-style Highwood Manor, which dates to 1841, and Seiji Ozawa Hall, a contemporary brick building with a barrel-vaulted roof by William Rawn Associates.
A popular summer destination, the Berkshires is well known for its cultural offerings. Other recent projects in the region include a wood-and-glass dance studio at Jacob’s Pillow by Flansburgh Architects and an expansion of the Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art, or MASS MoCA, by Bruner/Cott.
林德中心加入了Tanglewood校園其他著名的建築作品，包括Koussevitzky音樂棚，這是一座由建築師Eliel Sarrenin於1938年開放的扇形建築。其他建築包括可追溯至1841年的哥特式Highwood莊園，以及 Seiji Ozawa Hall，一座現代磚砌建築，由William Rawn Associates設計，擁有桶形拱頂。
Berkshires是一個受歡迎的夏季目的地，以其文化產品而聞名。 該地區最近的其他項目包括Flansburgh Architects的Jacob’s Pillow的木製和玻璃舞蹈工作室以及Bruner / Cott對馬薩諸塞州當代藝術博物館或MASS MoCA的擴建。