Paramount Alma 派拉蒙阿爾瑪
This project was conceived to fulfill a two-part problematic: (1) Residence Alma–a Tyrolean guest house with 6 holiday apartments from the 1960s adorned with a pitched roof–was due for a common circulation and service core, and (2) the project architect, Ulla Hell, was looking for a new home for her young family of five in the mountain community of Sesto, Alto Adige. The result: an under-utilized roof space gave way to an angular crown, connected to a ground floor reception space and architectural office by the host’s renovated spine.
該項目旨在實現兩個部分的問題：（1）Residence Alma – 一個蒂羅爾的招待所，擁有6個20世紀60年代的假日公寓，裝飾有傾斜的屋頂 – 應該是一個共同的流通和服務核心，（2） 項目建築師Ulla Hell正在為Alto Adige的Sesto山區社區的五口之家尋找新家。 其結果是：未充分利用的屋頂空間讓位於一個角形的頂部，通過主機翻新的脊柱連接到底層接待空間和建築辦公室。
Architects: Plasma Studio
Location: Sexten, Italy
Architect in Charge: Ulla Hell,Eva Castro , Holger Kehne
Project Architect: Peter Pichler
Area: 420.0 sqm
Project Year: 2012
Photographs: Hertha Hurnaus
負責建築師：Ulla Hell，Eva Castro，Holger Kehne
Having already made their mark on nearby Residence Königswarte with the addition of the Strata Hotel in 2007, Plasma Studio sought to follow a similar skin organization. A timber strip section in larch wood was borrowed from the neighbouring Strata and extruded along two paths. The first stretches across the site, picking up the topography on either end of the building and climbing to enclose a third storey balcony. Here, the edge skirts around the existing footprint, leaving corners exposed to acknowledge its presence.
Plasma Studio已於2007年在Strata Hotel附近的ResidenceKönigswarte取得了成功，並試圖追隨類似的皮膚組織。 落葉松木材中的木條部分從鄰近的地層借來，沿兩條路徑擠壓。 第一個橫跨整個場地，在建築物的兩端拾取地形並攀爬以封閉第三層陽台。 在這裡，邊緣圍繞現有的足跡，使角落暴露以承認其存在。
A second path draws the timber skin up from behind, folding around the chimney to return to the ground. Interstitial spaces between the exterior walls and wooden bands swell at ground level to offer sheltered outdoor living spaces. The design team employed parametric modelling software to optimize the density of these timber strips and their metal substrustructure, balancing budget, aesthetics, privacy and views. This approach allowed for flexibility throughout the design phase and output shop drawings for pre-fabricated elements at an efficient pace.
The Alma addition departs, however, from the Strata in its approach to volume. The practical constraints of a multi- room hotel structure called for a regular distribution of modules along a connecting spine. The perceived volume was achieved through horizontal sections around free-flowing terrace spaces. With the Alma, we took advantage of a more flexible program to create unique spatial conditions. These interior volumes are rendered legible from the exterior by the timber strips–an honest depiction of the playful activity within.
然而，Alma的增加離開了Strata的數量。多房間酒店結構的實際限制要求沿連接脊柱定期分配模塊。通過自由流動的露台空間周圍的水平部分實現感知體積。通過Alma，我們利用更靈活的計劃創造獨特的空間條件。這些內部空間通過木條從外部清晰可見 – 真實地描繪了內部的俏皮活動。
The interior of this family home is characterized by 360-degree views. Perhaps the most spectacular of these being a view of the sky through an incision over the central stair. This opening delivers an immediate reading of exterior weather conditions, collecting precipitation and receiving direct sunlight.
The main living spaces are split over two floors with first floor bedrooms off a skylit corridor, and an open plan kitchen, dining and family room encircling a fireplace on the second floor. By grouping functional elements in orthogonal cores, the surrounding space is liberated. The exterior walls of the main living spaces collapse inwards to catch light, views and varying degrees of enclosure.
這棟家庭住宅的內部享有360度全景。 也許最壯觀的是通過中央樓梯上的切口觀察天空。 這個開口可以立即讀取外部天氣狀況，收集降水並接收陽光直射。
主要生活空間分為兩層，一樓臥室位於天窗走廊，二樓設有開放式廚房，餐廳和家庭活動室，環繞著壁爐。 通過在正交核心中對功能元素進行分組，可以釋放周圍空間。 主要生活空間的外牆向內塌陷，以捕捉光線，景觀和不同程度的圍牆。
All living spaces in the private residence have direct access to the outside through a series terraces or gardens. Its multiple access points include: a main entrance through an internal connection to the neighbouring house, a series of openings that follow the natural topography, and an external stair connecting the third floor terrace to the garden. Each inhabitant has come to find their own favourite route.
Limited material and colour palettes give strength to the space, with splashes of colour in the children’s washroom. The otherwise white walls provide a backdrop for an ever-changing display of shadows from the pleated roof above.
私人住宅的所有居住空間都可通過一系列露台或花園直接進入外面。 它的多個入口點包括：通過與鄰近房屋的內部連接的主入口，遵循自然地形的一系列開口，以及將三樓露台連接到花園的外部樓梯。 每個居民都來找到自己喜歡的路線。
As the extension sits within the steep topography, substructural elements were developed in reinforced concrete, while the superstructure was built from prefabricated cross laminated timber (CLT) insulated with wood fiber and sealed with black bitumen. The outer skin in larch wood strips on a galvanized steel structure was determined according to cost and aesthetics by the aforementioned parametric model. A consistently limited colour code was applied to the exterior, allowing the volume to dissolve into the surrounding hillside when viewed from afar.
Through its use of form, materials and views, this newly completed addition flirts with its context at three scales. The first, and most immediate, with its host: as an addition to the Alma residence, it shares a newly renovated core, carrying the fractal geometry from the roof down to Plasma’s Italian office through the Alma’s cartesian skeleton. The second, with its neighbour: together the Strata and the Alma define the next generation of the family-owned hotel complex. And finally, with its terrain: the sculptural addition acts, not as a parasite, but as a mediator between the existing house and surrounding topography, extending from the landscape like a lichen.
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