Metro Station in Saudi Arabia 沙特阿拉伯的地鐵站

In order to serve its rapidly expanding population of more than five million, the ArRiyadh Development Authority has commissioned Zaha Hadid Architects to construct the new King Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) Metro Station in its capital city of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

為了滿足快速增長的500多萬人口的需求,ArRiyadh發展管理局委託Zaha Hadid建築事務所在其首都沙特阿拉伯利雅得建造新的阿卜杜拉國王金融區(KAFD)地鐵站。

Architects: Zaha Hadid Architects
Project Director: Gianluca Racana, Filippo Innocenti
Project Architect: Fulvio Wirz, Gian Luca Barone
Design Team: Alexandre Kuroda, Fei Wang, Lisa Kinnerud, Jorge Mendez-Caceres
Structural Engineer: Buro Happold
Services: Buro Happold
Transport and Civil Engineering: Buro Happold
Fire Engineering: Buro Happold
Façade Consultant: NewTecnic Cost Consultant Davis Langdon
Area: 20,434 m2
Area: 0.0 sqm
Project Year: 2017

建築師:Zaha Hadid Architects
項目總監:Fiano Innocenti的Gianluca Racana
項目建築師:Fulvio Wirz,Gian Luca Barone
設計團隊:Alexandre Kuroda,Fei Wang,Lisa Kinnerud,Jorge Mendez-Caceres
結構工程師:Buro Happold
服務:Buro Happold
運輸和土木工程:Buro Happold
消防工程:Buro Happold

With six platforms over four public floors and two levels of underground car parking, the KAFD Metro Station will be integrated within the urban context of the financial district, while responding to the functional requirements for a multimodal transport centre and the district’s future vision. The project extends beyond the simple station typology to emphasize the building’s importance as a dynamic, multi-functional public space; not only an intermediate place perceived through quick transitions, but also a dramatic public space for the city.

KAFD地鐵站擁有六個平台,分佈在四個公共樓層和兩層地下停車場,將融入金融區的城市環境中,同時滿足多式聯運中心的功能要求和區域的未來願景。 該項目超越了簡單的車站類型,強調了建築作為一個動態的,多功能的公共空間的重要性; 不僅是通過快速過渡感知的中間地方,而且還是城市的戲劇性公共空間。

The 20,434 square meter King Abdullah Financial District Metro Station will be placed amidst a tangle of pathways, skybridges and metro lines – all of which have been mapped and structured to clearly delineate the pedestrian routes within the building, optimize internal circulation and avoid congestion. The resulting configuration is a three-dimensional lattice defined by a sequence of opposing sine-waves (generated from the repetition and frequency variation of station’s daily traffic flows) which act as the spine for the building’s circulation. These sine-waves are extended to the station’s envelope and strictly affiliated to its internal layout, translating the architectural concept to the exterior.

佔地面積為20,434平方米的King Abdullah金融區地鐵站將被安置在一系列通道,天橋和地鐵線路中 – 所有這些都經過繪製和構造,以清晰地描繪建築物內的行人路線,優化內部流通並避免擁堵。 由此產生的配置是由一系列相反的正弦波(由站點的日常交通流量的重複和頻率變化產生)定義的三維格子,其充當建築物循環的脊柱。 這些正弦波延伸到車站的外殼,並嚴格依附於其內部佈局,將建築概念轉化為外部。

In addition, the façade patterning reduces solar gain while it’s geometric perforations contextualize the station within its cultural environment. The overall composition resembles patterns generated by desert winds in sand dunes, where multiple frequencies and repetition generate complex natural formations.

此外,外立面圖案減少了太陽能增益,而幾何穿孔則使其在文化環境中具有背景。 整體構成類似於沙丘中沙漠風產生的模式,其中多個頻率和重複產生復雜的自然形態。

King Abdullah has instructed the new Riyadh Metro be completed in four years. Prince Khaled bin Bander, the governor of Riyadh, said the project is progressing to plan and the ArRiyadh Development Authority has released details of the city’s public transport plan including the six metro lines that will serve as the backbone for public transport in the city.

阿卜杜拉國王指示新的利雅得地鐵將在四年內完工。 利雅得總督Khaled bin Bander表示,該項目正在進行規劃,ArRiyadh發展管理局已公佈了該市公共交通計劃的詳細信息,其中包括六條地鐵線路,將作為該市公共交通的支柱。

ZHA’s King Abdullah Financial District Metro Station will serve as a key interchange on the network for Line 1, as well as the terminus of Line 4 (for passengers to the airport) and Line 6 of the new Riyadh Metro. The local monorail can also be accessed from the station via a skybridge.

ZHA的阿卜杜拉國王金融區地鐵站將作為1號線網絡的關鍵交匯處,以及4號線的終點站(機場的乘客)和新利雅得地鐵的6號線。 當地的單軌列車也可以通過天橋從車站進入。


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