Japanese architect Junya Ishigami has completed this year’s Serpentine Pavilion, a craggy structure he describes as a “hill made out of rocks”.
The latest Serpentine Pavilion, located on the lawn outside the Serpentine Gallery in London’s Kensington Gardens, comprises a rugged, rocky canopy made out of 61 tonnes of Cumbrian slate.
This large mound of slate is held up by a slender steel structure, supported by a grid of 106 pin-ended columns that are arranged randomly to create a “forest”.
“A stone creates a landscape, and a landscape usually sits outside of a building. I wanted to create the landscape inside the building, as a theory of the landscape that the stone creates outside,” said Ishigami.
“In that sense, I tried to create this landscape that exists outside, inside the building itself.”
Ishigami is the fourth Japanese architect to design a Serpentine Pavilion, following Toyo Ito in 2002, SANAA in 2009 and Sou Fujimoto in 2013. Even more so than his predecessors, a central focus of his work is making architecture that both celebrates and mimics the forms of the natural world.
His aim here was to create a building that takes the slate roof – one of the world’s most common architectural features – and show how it can be made to look like something found in the wild.
The architect likens the structure to a range of natural flora and fauna, from mountains and trees, to a lake and a bird.
Ishigami是第二位設計蛇形館的日本建築師，繼2002年的Toyo Ito，2009年的SANAA和2013年的Fujimoto之後。與他的前輩相比，他的工作重點是製作能夠慶祝和模仿形式的建築。 自然界。
他的目標是建造一座採用石板屋頂的建築 – 這是世界上最常見的建築特色之一 – 並展示如何製作看起來像野外發現的東西。
“I want to evoke people’s imagination,” Ishigami told , “like when you look at the clouds, you might see some shapes of animals or something.”
“My image is of a flying black bird in a rainy sky, with the stones as feathers, the roof as the wings and the columns as streaks of rain.”
The pavilion is roughly triangular in plan. The corners extend down to touch the concrete ground surface below, which in turn slopes upwards to meet them.
Inside, the pavilion is furnished with simple tables and stools designed by Ishigami to look like lily pads.
Journalists were invited to preview the pavilion today, but Serpentine Galleries artistic director Hans Ulrich Obrist and CEO Yana Peel were not present as usual to introduce the structure. It was revealed today that Peel has resigned, after being linked to an Israeli spyware company.
However the pair have put out a joint statement describing the completed pavilion as “extraordinary”.
The resignation is the latest in a series of controversies to hit this year’s pavilion. Back in March it emerged that Ishigami employed unpaid interns at his firm. Serpentine Galleries later told the architect that unpaid staff must not be allowed to work on this project.
辭職是今年展館中一系列爭議中的最新一次。 早在三月，Ishigami就在他的公司僱用了無薪實習生。 Serpentine Galleries後來告訴建築師，不得讓任何無薪工作人員參與這個項目。
Ishigami worked with engineering firm AECOM to create the pavilion’s seemingly lightweight structure. The architect told Dezeen the approach was to “try to hide the complexity as much as possible”.
“To achieve Ishigami’s vision of an ‘unstable’ structure holding up the heavy layers of metamorphic rock as though it was weightless, the size and profile of the structural steel frame was rationalised to the extent that it is nearly six times lighter than the 60-tonne slate it supports,” said Michael Orr, AECOM’s principle engineer.
“The steel ties that connect the column heads together act predominantly in tension, tying the pavilion down to anchor points in each of the three corners, with bracing elements creating a stiffening ‘hem’ around the pavilion perimeter,” he explained.
“The stone is supported by a steel mesh that spans between the ties, forming a basket.”
“為了實現石垣的’不穩定’結構的視野，將變質岩的厚重層保持為失重狀態，結構鋼框架的尺寸和輪廓合理化，使其比60-輕近六倍。 它支持的tonne slate，“AECOM的主要工程師Michael Orr說。
Ishigami is the 19th architect to design a Serpentine Pavilion. His other completed projects include an elongated glass visitor centre that stretches through Park Vijversburg in the Netherlands and a kindergarten filled with huge curving shapes.
Other designs he has produced include a Japanese ferry terminal based on a “beautiful mountain range” and a cloud-like building with a boating lake inside for Copenhagen harbour.
His Serpentine Pavilion is officially open to the public from 21 June to 6 October. It will host a programme of events through the summer, after which it will be sold and moved to a new home.
The commission, awarded annually to an architect that hasn’t completed a project in the UK, has previously been undertaken by Bjarke Ingels, Peter Zumthor and Frank Gehry.
Last year’s pavilion, by Mexican architect Frida Escobedo, comprised a secluded courtyard framed by decorative, latticed walls.
Ishigami是設計蛇形館的第19位建築師。 他完成的其他項目包括一個延伸穿過荷蘭Park Vijversburg的細長玻璃遊客中心和一個充滿巨大彎曲形狀的幼兒園。
該委員會每年頒發給尚未在英國完成項目的建築師，之前由Bjarke Ingels，Peter Zumthor和Frank Gehry承擔。