Old Royal Naval College 舊皇家海軍學院

The Old Royal Naval College is the architectural centrepiece of Maritime Greenwich, a World Heritage Site in Greenwich, London, described by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) as being of “outstanding universal value” and reckoned to be the “finest and most dramatically sited architectural and landscape ensemble in the British Isles”. The site is managed by the Greenwich Foundation for the Old Royal Naval College, set up in July 1998 as a registered charity to “look after these magnificent buildings and their grounds for the benefit of the nation”. The grounds and some of its buildings are open to visitors. The buildings were originally constructed to serve as the Royal Hospital for Seamen at Greenwich, now generally known as Greenwich Hospital, which was designed by Christopher Wren, and built between 1696 and 1712. The hospital closed in 1869. Between 1873 and 1998 it was the Royal Naval College, Greenwich.

舊皇家海軍學院是倫敦格林威治世界遺產海事格林威治的建築中心,由聯合國教育,科學及文化組織(UNESCO)描述為“具有突出的普遍價值”,並被認為是“ 在不列顛群島中最精美,最引人注目的建築和景觀合奏“。 該遺址由格林威治舊金山海軍學院基金會管理,該學院於1998年7月成立,是一家註冊慈善機構,以“照顧這些宏偉建築及其為國家造福的土地”。 場地和一些建築對遊客開放。 這些建築最初是作為格林威治海員皇家醫院建造的,現在通常被稱為格林威治醫院,由克里斯托弗·雷恩設計,建於1696年至1712年之間。醫院於1869年關閉。1873年至1998年期間,它是 格林威治皇家海軍學院。

Location:United Kingdom
Old Royal Naval College
Greenwich Hospital, London
Royal Naval College, Greenwich
Criteria:Cultural: (i), (ii), (iv), (vi)
Inscription:1995 (19th Session)
Area:109.5 hectares (271 acres)
Buffer zone:174.85 hectares (432.1 acres)
Coordinates:51°29′1″N 0°0′21″W

坐標:51°29’1“N 0°0’21”W

Origins of the site
This was originally the site of Bella Court, built by Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, and subsequently renamed Palace of Placentia by Margaret of Anjou, wife of Henry VI, upon its confiscation. Rebuilt by Henry VII, it was thenceforth more commonly known as Greenwich Palace. As such, it was the birthplace of Tudor monarchs Henry VIII, Mary I, and Elizabeth I, and reputedly the favourite palace of Henry VIII. The palace fell into disrepair during the English Civil War. With the exception of the incomplete John Webb building, the palace was finally demolished in 1694.

這最初是貝拉法院的所在地,由格洛斯特公爵漢弗萊建造,後來由亨利六世的妻子安茹瑪格麗特重新命名為Place of Placentia,沒收。 由亨利七世重建,因此更為人所知的是格林威治宮。 因此,它是都鐸君主亨利八世,瑪麗一世和伊麗莎白一世的誕生地,據說是亨利八世最喜歡的宮殿。 在英國內戰期間,宮殿失修。 除了不完整的約翰韋伯建築外,這座宮殿最終於1694年被拆除。

Greenwich Hospital
Main article: Greenwich Hospital, London
In 1692 the Royal Hospital for Seamen at Greenwich was created on the site on the instructions of Mary II, who had been inspired by the sight of wounded sailors returning from the Battle of La Hogue. Architectural highlights included the Chapel and the Painted Hall. The Painted Hall was painted between 1707 and 1726 by Sir James Thornhill. The hospital closed in 1869 and the remains of thousands of sailors and officers were removed from the hospital site in 1875 and reinterred in East Greenwich Pleasaunce or “Pleasaunce Park”.

1692年,格林威治皇家海員醫院在瑪麗二世的指示下在現場創建,瑪麗二世受到了來自La Hogue戰役的受傷水手的啟發。 建築亮點包括教堂和彩繪大廳。 彩繪大廳由詹姆斯·索恩希爾爵士於1707年至1726年間繪製。 該醫院於1869年關閉,數千名船員和官員的遺體於1875年從醫院現場移走,並在東格林威治州或“Pleasaunce公園”重新開始。

Royal Naval College, Greenwich
In 1873, four years after the hospital closed, the buildings were converted to a training establishment for the Royal Navy. The Royal Navy finally left the College in 1998 when the site passed into the hands of the Greenwich Foundation for the Old Royal Naval College.

1873年,醫院關閉四年後,這些建築物被改建為皇家海軍的訓練場所。 1998年,皇家海軍終於離開了學院,當時該遺址落入了舊皇家海軍學院格林威治基金會的手中。

Greenwich Foundation for the Old Royal Naval College
Since 1998 the site has had new life breathed into it through a mix of new uses and activities and a revival of the historic old site under the management and control of the Greenwich Foundation. The buildings are Grade I listed. In 1999 some parts of Queen Mary and King William, and the whole of Queen Anne and the Dreadnought Building were leased for 150 years by the University of Greenwich. In 2000 Trinity College of Music leased the major part of King Charles. This created a unique new educational and cultural mix.

In 2002 the Foundation realised its aim of opening up the whole site to visitors. It opened the Painted Hall, the Chapel and the grounds and a Visitor Centre to the public daily, free of charge, with guided tours available. The Old Royal Naval College became open to students and visitors of all ages and nationalities accompanied often by music wafting from Trinity College. As Nathaniel Hawthorne wrote in 1863, “the people are sooner or later the legitimate inheritors of whatever beauty kings and queens create”.

In 2005 the room where Nelson’s coffin was held prior to his being laid-in-state was opened as the Nelson Room. The little side room contains a statue of Nelson replicating the one in Trafalgar Square, memorabilia, paintings and information. It can be seen on one of the guided tours that also include a visit to the undercrofts, the old skittle alley and crypt. A service is held in the chapel every Sunday at 11 am which is open to all. Public concerts are regularly held here and a wide variety of business and cultural events are held in the Painted Hall. The area is used by visitors, students, local people and film crews in a traffic-free environment that provides a variety of coffee shops, bars and restaurants, all incorporated within the old buildings, as part of a unique “ancient and modern” blend that support 21st century life in Greenwich.

The Old Royal Naval College and the “Maritime Greenwich” World Heritage site are becoming focal points for a wide range of business and community activities. Trinity College of Music provide a wide range or musicians and ensembles on a subsidised commercial basis to play at events throughout East London and beyond, part of their business and community “out-reach” policy encouraged and part-funded by the Higher Education Funding Council.

The site is regularly used for filming television programmes, television advertisements, and feature films. Productions have included Patriot Games, where an attack on a fictional royal family member, Lord Holmes, was filmed, as well as Shanghai Knights, and a 2006 television advertisement campaign for the British food and clothing retailer Marks & Spencer. Other films include Four Weddings and a Funeral, The Madness of King George, The Mummy Returns, The Avengers (1998) and Lara Croft: Tomb Raider (2001).

More recent filming has included BBC television’s spy-drama Spooks and the dramatisation of Little Dorrit, David Cronenberg’s film Eastern Promises, the film adaptation of Philip Pullman’s novel Northern Lights and The Wolf Man (2009). The grounds were used extensively during the filming of 2006’s Amazing Grace, and 2011’s Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows and Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides. Scenes were shot at the grounds for The King’s Speech, where the site doubled for Buckingham Palace, and The Dark Knight Rises, where it doubled for a cafe in the film’s final scenes. In April 2012 the site was used for the iconic barricade scenes in the film adaption of the musical Les Miserables. In October 2012 the college was used for filming Thor: The Dark World. In October 2013 the college was used as a set for The Man from U.N.C.L.E.. Also Guy Richie’s 2005 film Revolver filmed a scene there.

自1998年以來,該網站通過新的用途和活動以及格林威治基金會管理和控制下的歷史舊址的複興,為其帶來了新的生機。這些建築物被列為一級。 1999年,瑪麗皇后和威廉王的一些部分,以及整個安妮女王和無畏建築都被格林威治大學租賃了150年。 2000年,三一音樂學院租用了查爾斯國王的主要部分。這創造了一種獨特的新的教育和文化組合。

2002年,基金會實現了向訪客開放整個網站的目標。它每天免費開放彩繪大廳,禮拜堂和場地以及遊客中心,並提供導遊服務。舊皇家海軍學院向所有年齡和國籍的學生和遊客開放,經常伴隨著三一學院的音樂飄蕩。正如納撒尼爾·霍索恩(Nathaniel Hawthorne)在1863年所寫的那樣,“人們遲早會成為美國國王和王后創造的合法繼承者”。




最近的拍攝包括BBC電視台的間諜劇Spooks和Little Dorrit,大衛Cronenberg的電影“東方承諾”,菲利普·普爾曼的小說“北極光”和“狼人”(2009年)改編的電影。在拍攝2006年的神奇恩典和2011年的夏洛克福爾摩斯:加勒比海的陰影和海盜遊戲:陌生的潮汐時,廣泛使用了這些場地。場景拍攝於The King’s Speech的場地,白金漢宮和黑闇騎士崛起的場地翻了一番,在電影的最後場景中,它為一家咖啡館增加了一倍。 2012年4月,該網站被用於音樂劇“悲慘世界”電影改編中的標誌性街壘場景。 2012年10月,該學院被用於拍攝雷神:黑暗世界。 2013年10月,該學院被用作聯合國人民聯合會的一套。另外,蓋里奇的2005年電影“左輪手槍”在那裡拍攝了一個場景。


FROM:“Old Royal Naval College”, it was run by the “Royal Navy” until 1998. Greenwich, London. HD

FROM:The Painted Hall, Old Royal Naval College

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