Designer Yves Béhar has revealed plans to build 3D-printed houses for an impoverished farming community in Latin America.
Béhar, founder of design studio Fuseproject, developed the project with New Story, a non-profit dedicated to finding solutions to homelessness, along with homebuilding technology company ICON.
The trio teamed up last year to use 3D printing quickly build an affordable, high-quality housing for families living on less than $200 (£154) a month. The team is now rolling out this same technology to form “the world’s first 3D-printed community” for a small population of farmers and palm weavers.
The project will be in Latin America, although the exact location remains undisclosed.
“We are thrilled to partner with New Story on their mission to end global homelessness,” said Béhar. “I believe the most advanced technologies can deliver designed solutions for those most in need, and it is both the new technology from ICON and the vision of New Story that is making it possible today.”
設計工作室Fuseproject的創始人Béhar與New Story合作開發了這個項目，New Story是一家致力於尋找無家可歸者解決方案的非盈利組織，以及住宅建築技術公司ICON。
“我們很高興與New Story合作，共同完成全球無家可歸的使命，”Béhar說。 “我相信最先進的技術可以為最需要幫助的人提供設計解決方案，這既是ICON的新技術，也是新故事的願景，使其成為現實。”
First houses to be printed this year 今年要打印的第一套房子
Fuseproject’s environments team has designed a suite of 3D-printed residences for multi-generational groups, with the first houses slated to be printed later this year.
The team worked closely with future residents to decide on land selection and community planning. The 3D-printed model initially developed last year has also been modified to create a version that can be adapted to various needs.
The 3D-printed homes will form a new community for famers in Latin America ｜3D打印的住宅將為拉丁美洲的農民建立一個新的社區
“As we spoke to the community members, we realised that a single house design doesn’t respond to the needs and expectations,” said Béhar. “This led us to design a system that allows for different programmes, climate factors, and growth for families and spaces.”
Each residence will occupy a 120-square-metre lot with the interiors of each amassing 55 square metres. This arrangement will allow families will be provided to a covered outdoor kitchen and dining room, and gardens for keeping chickens.
Residences adapted to climate 住宅適應氣候
The concrete walls will be left exposed inside and out, and will be decorated with a striated pattern as a result of the 3D printing. Residents can also chose different colour tints for the concrete.
The team has designed the houses to feature large a curved roof that extends at the front and the back to act as a buffer against heavy rainfall. In order to bolster them against seismic activity, the bases of the structures will also be enhanced, wall construction will be reinforced, and the walls will be used to reduce lateral movement.
Perforated concrete blocks will run along the top of the walls to create a clerestory for natural ventilation. Inside, the arrangements will predominantly be open-plan to further encourage air flow.
3D printer to function under difficult circumstances｜3D打印機在困難的情況下運行
Inside, the curved walls will make for cleaning easy and reduce the development of mould.
All interior elements from the kitchen and bathroom, seating and wall ledges in the walls to structural hooks for building closets and storage will also be 3D-printed.
Construction of the community is slated to start in summer this year and is expected to be speedy.
Walls and construction elements will be produced by a large portable 3D-printer, designed to produce nearly no waste and function under difficult circumstances, such as limited water, power, and labor infrastructure.
Project responds to homelessness 項目回應無家可歸
Béhar and New Story believe the scheme could provide a model for producing high-quality housing for the poorest communities, as part of a larger bid to reduce global homelessness.
“We feel it’s our responsibility to challenge traditional methods,” said New Story CEO Brett Hagler. “Linear methods will never reach the billion plus people who need safe homes.”
“Challenging our assumptions, iterating based on data, and taking calculated risks on innovative ideas will allow us to reach more families with the best possible solutions, exponentially faster,” he continued.
“This project presents a number of exciting questions,” Béhar added.
The San Francisco-based designer, who founded Fuseproject in 1999, also launched a range of prefabricated accessory dwelling units last year, with the aim to tackle rising house costs and increase urban density in California.
Other work by Fuseproject include a robotic furniture collection with MIT Media Lab, a wearable UV sensor and robot ElliQ, all of which were among the shortlisted designs for Dezeen Awards last year.
“我們認為挑戰傳統方法是我們的責任，”New Story首席執行官Brett Hagler說。 “線性方法永遠不會達到需要安全住所的十億多人。”
Fuseproject的其他工作包括MIT Media Lab的機器人家具系列，可穿戴的紫外線傳感器和機器人ElliQ，所有這些都是去年Dezeen獎的入圍設計。