FROM:Interview with Anupama Kundoo / Architect and Architectural Educator

Dr. Anupama Kundoo’s architectural practice, started in 1990. It demonstrates a strong focus on material research to achieve architecture of low environmental impact, and development of building technologies that are socio-economically beneficial. The practice is supported by extensive research and experimentation.

Anupama Kundoo博士的建築實踐始於1990年。它展示了對材料研究的強烈關注,以實現低環境影響的建築,以及開發具有社會經濟效益的建築技術。 這種做法得到了廣泛的研究和實驗的支持。

Kundoo was born in Pune in 1967. Her high school education was from Mary Immaculate Girls’ High School. She studied for architecture from the Sir J. J. College of Architecture, University of Bombay and received her degree in architecture in 1989. She was awarded the Vastu Shilpa Foundation Fellowship in 1996 for her thesis on “Urban Eco-Community: Design and Analysis for Sustainability”. She got her doctoral degree from Technical University of Berlin in 2008.

Kundoo established herself as an architect in the Auroville where she designed and built many economically innovative buildings with “energy and water efficient infrastructure” adaptations. She worked here from middle of 1990 till 2002. Her approach to building design is based on material research that minimizes environmental effects. Her basic design approach is to use “waste materials, unskilled labour and local communities”. One of the notable buildings built for her own residence is titled the “Wall House”, built in a community area of 15 acres (6.1 ha) with a built in space of 100 square metres (1,100 sq ft) constructed at a cost of one million Rupees in 2000, in Auroville for communal living. This house is L-Shaped in plan, has a courtyard in the middle; while it is modern in concept it adopts traditional “vernacular” use of materials such as compressed earth, concrete and steel. The bathroom is set in open-to-sky design, with smooth merging with the interior and external spaces and landscaped in manner which gives it both a modern and a regional appearance. Her work culture is a “research-oriented practice and practice-oriented teaching.”

She expresses her design approach clearly by stating: “My designs are not driven by the worry that the world will end, but by finding ways to make the most with what one has.”A full sized replica of her Wall House was made by hand and exhibited at the Venice Biennale of Architecture. Net York Times called it as “a gem among rubble”.She is one of the five “globe-spanning ” architects featured in “The Architect is Present”. She has received accolades for a design she presented for the Indian products entitled “Made in India” for the Be Open Foundation in New Delhi, which was a “live” design exhibited at Madrid’s Museo ICO.

Another interesting theme brought out in her architectural creation is titled “Liberty” which presents a reading place as a free book free library where individuals can “sit and read whatever they wish to”. This creation is built with three types of trees fixed in the centre of a square space. The trees’ “trunks and branches” are made from steel and the leaves made of salvaged books, with the floor made of concrete. Sitting under the shade of this tree people could indulge in conversation or read a book with the gentle wind blowing through the leaves. This was exhibited at the Placa de Salvador Segui in Barcelona during June–September 2014.

Kundoo taught at the Technical University, Berlin, and Darmstadt in Hesse during 2005. She worked as Assistant Professor at Parsons The New School for Design, New York until 2011 then moving to Australia as a senior lecturer in the University of Queensland. In 2014, she shifted to Europe and began working at the European School of Architecture and Technology at the Universidad Camilo José Cela in Madrid. and has her own firm, Anupama Kundoo Architects

Kundoo於1967年出生於浦那。她的高中教育來自Mary Immaculate Girls’s High School。她從孟買大學JJ建築學院攻讀建築學,並於1989年獲得建築學學位。她於1996年獲得了Vastu Shilpa基金會獎學金,題目是“城市生態社區:可持續性設計與分析” 。她於2008年獲得柏林技術大學的博士學位。

Kundoo在Auroville建立了自己的建築師,在那裡她設計並建造了許多具有“節能和節水基礎設施”改造的經濟創新建築。她從1990年中期到2002年在這里工作。她的建築設計方法基於最小化環境影響的材料研究。她的基本設計方法是使用“廢料,非熟練勞動力和當地社區”。為自己的住宅建造的著名建築之一被命名為“Wall House”,建於15英畝(6.1公頃)的社區,建築面積為100平方米(1,100平方英尺),建築成本為1 2000年,在Auroville的公共生活中獲得了百萬盧比。這幢房子是L形的,中間有一個庭院;雖然它在概念上是現代的,但它採用傳統的“白話”材料,如壓縮土,混凝土和鋼材。浴室採用開放式設計,與內部和外部空間平滑融合,並採用園林風格,既現代又具有區域性。她的工作文化是“以研究為導向的實踐和實踐導向的教學”。

她明確地表達了她的設計方法:“我的設計不是因為擔心世界將會結束,而是通過尋找方法來充分利用自己擁有的東西。”她的牆屋的全尺寸複製品是手工製作的。並在威尼斯建築雙年展上展出。 “紐約時報”稱其為“瓦礫中的寶石”。她是“建築師在場”中的五位“全球跨越”建築師之一。她為新德里Be Open Foundation的印度產品“印度製造”所展示的設計獲得了讚譽,這是在馬德里Museo ICO展出的“現場”設計。

在她的建築創作中提出的另一個有趣的主題是“自由”,它提供了一個閱讀場所作為免費圖書免費圖書館,個人可以“坐下來閱讀他們想要的任何東西”。這個創建是由三種類型的樹固定在一個方形空間的中心。樹木的“樹乾和樹枝”由鋼製成,樹葉由打撈的書籍製成,地板由混凝土製成。坐在這棵樹的樹蔭下,人們可以沉浸在談話中,或者用柔和的風吹過樹葉讀書。這是在2014年6月至9月期間在巴塞羅那的Placa de Salvador Segui展出的。

Kundoo於2005年在黑森州的技術大學,柏林和達姆施塔特任教。她曾在紐約帕森斯新設計學院擔任助理教授,直到2011年,隨後移居澳大利亞,擔任昆士蘭大學的高級講師。 2014年,她轉到歐洲,開始在馬德里卡米洛·何塞·塞拉大學的歐洲建築與技術學院工作。並擁有自己的公司Anupama Kundoo Architects



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