Bank of China Tower (Hong Kong) 中國銀行大廈（香港）
The Bank of China Tower is the headquarters of BOC Hong Kong and is located at 1 Garden Road, Central, Central and Western District, Hong Kong. It was started on April 18, 1985, and was built by the Japanese Kumagai Group. It was completed in 1989, and the occupation paper was obtained in August. It was officially opened on May 17, 1990. The original site was Murray House. When the building was completed, it surpassed the Singapore Hualian Bank Building and became the tallest skyscraper in Asia at the time. It is now the fourth tallest building in Hong Kong, second only to the International Trade Plaza, the International Finance Centre and the Central Plaza. It ranks 39th in the world. (As of January 2017).
中銀大廈（英語：Bank of China Tower）是中銀香港的總部，位於香港中西區中環花園道1號。於1985年4月18日動土啟造，由日本熊谷組負責承建，在1989年竣工，8月取得入伙紙，1990年5月17日正式啟用。原址為美利樓。大廈落成時超越新加坡華聯銀行大廈，成為當時亞洲最高的摩天大樓，現時為香港第四高的建築物，僅次於環球貿易廣場、國際金融中心及中環廣場，全球排名則位居第39位（截至2017年1月）。
Venue: 1 Garden Road, Central and Western District, Hong Kong Island
Coordinates: 22°16’45”N 114°09’41”E
Construction period: March 1987 – May 1990
Roof: 367.4 meters
Top floor: 70 floors
Number of floors: 70 floors
Building area: 6700 square meters
Number of elevators: 45
Design and construction
Architect: Yan Ming / Gong Shuzhen
建設期：1987年3月 – 1990年5月
The designer of the Bank of China Building is a Chinese-American architect, Pei Ming, who has also designed famous buildings such as the entrance to the pyramids of the Louvre in France. The construction of the Bank of China Building began in 1982, when the Hong Kong Government sold the 6,700-square-meter old Murray House in Central, the heart of Hong Kong’s business district, to the Bank of China for HK$1.1 billion. However, at that time, it was at the peak of the property price in Hong Kong. Therefore, the land price of the land was actually much lower than the market value at that time. Therefore, it was considered that the British Hong Kong Government had expressed friendly relations with China at that time. Initially, the Bank of China Building was scheduled to be completed on August 8, 1988. The number of words “8” in China is auspicious. Construction began on March 3, 1987. It was completed in 1989 and the ceremony was completed. It was officially opened on May 17, 1990.
The Bank of China Tower is 70 stories high and has a height of 315 meters. The height of the two poles is 367.4 meters. It was therefore the tallest building in Hong Kong and all of Asia from 1989 to 1992. It was also the tallest skyscraper outside the United States. It was maintained for two years before being replaced by Central Plaza in Wan Chai. The shape of the Bank of China Tower is prismatic, just like the bamboo shoots that are “high-rise”. According to the introduction of the BOC Hong Kong website, the design of the building is modeled on the continuous growth of bamboo trees, symbolizing the spirit of strength, vitality, strength and forge ahead; the bas-relief outer wall representing the Great Wall represents China. Structurally, the corners of the entire building are supported by four reinforced concrete columns, and the triangular frame is used to transfer the pressure of the building to the four columns. Covered with a glass curtain outside. Its unique exterior design makes it one of Hong Kong’s most prominent landmarks. Many Hong Kong issued stamps and postcards are often issued in one of the Bank of China buildings. The Bank of China Tower is also one of the participating buildings of the Symphony of Lights. In addition, its structural design has also been applied to Shanghai World Financial Center and Shenzhen Overseas Chinese Town Building, which are also structural engineers by L&O Engineering Consultants.
Feng Shui problem
On the other hand, the construction of the Bank of China Building has also attracted a lot of controversy because it is the only building in Hong Kong that did not consider the feng shui opinion.
When the building was first built, it triggered a feng shui war. At that time, the name of the Bank of China Building was like a knife, which was related to the death of Sir Edward Youde in the 1980s. One of the “knifes” pointed to the Governor’s Office (now Hong Kong Government House). The Governor’s Office therefore asked people to resolve them. Finally, they decided to plant willow trees in the direction of the Bank of China Building to block the murder.
After the completion of the Bank of China Building, the Citibank Building, which was built next to it, took the design of the opening of the book. Its opening coincided with the sharp corner of the Bank of China Building. It is said to be blocking the murder. Another related to the sleek water of the Bank of China Building is the HSBC Headquarters building opposite it. Because it is also the “blade” of the Bank of China Building, HSBC’s performance is affected, so HSBC will install two pairs of the Bank of China Building on the roof of the building. The turret decoration (actually a crane crane, plus a total of four rear and reverse), counterattacks the murderousness of the Bank of China Building, so HSBC’s performance has improved. There is also a saying that the appearance of the Yangtze River Group Center, which was completed in 1999, was also affected by the murder of the Bank of China. After listening to the opinions of the Feng Shui Master, Li Ka-shing, Chairman of the Cheung Kong Group, also decided to build the new headquarters into a “positive square” with no very prominent appearance. The reason is nothing more than blocking the murderous.
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