Luzhniki Stadium 盧日尼基體育場

Luzhniki Stadium (Russian: стадион «Лужники», IPA: [stədʲɪˈon lʊʐnʲɪˈkʲi]) is the national stadium of Russia, located in its capital city, Moscow. The full name of the stadium is Grand Sports Arena of the Luzhniki Olympic Complex. Its total seating capacity of 81,000 makes it the largest football stadium in Russia and one of the largest stadiums in Europe. The stadium is a part of the Luzhniki Olympic Complex, and is located in Khamovniki District of the Central Administrative Okrug of Moscow city. The name Luzhniki derives from the flood meadows in the bend of Moskva River where the stadium was built, translating roughly as “The Meadows”.

Luzhniki was the main stadium of the 1980 Olympic Games, hosting the opening and closing ceremonies, as well as some of the competitions, including the final of the football tournament. A UEFA Category 4 stadium, Luzhniki hosted UEFA Cup Final in 1999 and UEFA Champions League Final in 2008. The stadium also hosted such events as 1973 Summer Universiade and 2013 World Championships in Athletics. It was named the main stadium of 2018 FIFA World Cup and hosted 7 matches of the tournament, including the opening match and the final.

In the past its field has been used as the home ground (at various times) for football games played by CSKA Moscow, Spartak Moscow and Torpedo Moscow, however, there are currently no clubs based at the stadium. Today it is mainly used as one of the home grounds of the Russian national football team. The stadium is used from time to time for various other sporting events and for concerts. It is also used to host Russian domestic cup finals.

盧日尼基體育場(俄語:стадион«Лужники»,IPA:[stədʲɪonlʊʐnʲɪkʲi])是俄羅斯的國家體育場,位於其首都莫斯科。體育場的全名是Luzhniki Olympic Complex的Grand Sports Arena。它的總座位數為81,000,是俄羅斯最大的足球場,也是歐洲最大的體育場館之一。該體育場是Luzhniki Olympic Complex的一部分,位於莫斯科市中央行政區的Khamovniki區。 Luzhniki這個名字來源於莫斯科河彎曲的洪水草甸,那裡建有體育場,大致翻譯為“草地”。



Former names:Central Lenin Stadium (1956–1992)
Location:Luzhniki embankment 24, Khamovniki District, Moscow, Russia
Coordinates:55°42′57.56″N 37°33′13.53″ECoordinates: 55°42′57.56″N 37°33′13.53″E
Public transit:#1 Sokolnicheskaya line Sportivnaya
#1 Sokolnicheskaya line Vorobyovy Gory
#14 Moscow Central Circle Luzhniki
Owner:Government of Moscow
Operator:Luzhniki Olympic Sport Complex JSC
Capacity:81,000 (60,000 with proposed extra platform for athletics)
Record attendance:102,538 (Soviet Union–Italy, 13 October 1963)
Field size:105 by 68 metres (114.8 yd × 74.4 yd)
Surface:SISGrass (Hybrid Grass)
Broke ground:1955
Opened:31 July 1956
Renovated:1996–1997, 2001–2004, 2013–2017
Construction cost:€350 million (2013–2017)
Architect:PA Arena, Gmp Architekten and Mosproject-4
Russia national football team (selected matches)
CSKA Moscow (UEFA Champions League matches)

坐標:55°42’57.56“N 37°33’13.53”ECoordinates:55°42’57.56“N 37°33’13.53”E
公共交通:#1 Sokolnicheskaya線Sportivnaya
#1 Sokolnicheskaya線Vorobyovy Gory
#14 Moscow Central Circle Luzhniki
接線員:Luzhniki Olympic Sport Complex JSC
出勤記錄:102,538(蘇聯 – 意大利,1963年10月13日)
建築師:PA Arena,Gmp Architekten和Mosproject-4

The stadium is located in Khamovniki District of the Central Administrative Okrug of Moscow city, south-west of the city center. The name Luzhniki derives from the flood meadows in the bend of Moskva River where the stadium was built, translating roughly as “The Meadows”. It was necessary to find a very large plot of land, preferably in a green area close to the city center that could fit into the transport map of the capital without too much difficulty.

According to one of the architects: “On a sunny spring day of 1954, we, a group of architects and engineers who were tasked with designing the Central stadium, climbed onto a large paved area on the Lenin Hills… the proximity of the river, green mass of clean, fresh air – this circumstance alone mattered to select the area of the future city of sports… In addition, Luzhniki is located relatively close to the city center and convenient access to major transport systems with all parts of the capital”.

該體育場位於莫斯科市中央行政區的Khamovniki區,位於市中心的西南部。 Luzhniki這個名字來源於莫斯科河彎曲的洪水草甸,那裡建有體育場,大致翻譯為“草地”。 有必要找到一塊非常大的土地,最好是在靠近市中心的綠色區域,可以很容易地進入首都的交通地圖。

根據其中一位建築師的說法:“在1954年陽光明媚的春日,我們,一群負責設計中央體育場的建築師和工程師,爬上了列寧山上的一個大型鋪砌區域…… 河流,綠色乾淨,清新的空氣 – 這種情況對於選擇未來體育城市的區域至關重要…此外,Luzhniki位於相對靠近市中心的地方,方便前往主要交通系統的所有部分 首都“。

Playing surface
It was one of the few major European football stadia to use an artificial pitch, having installed a FIFA-approved FieldTurf pitch in 2002. However, a temporary natural grass pitch was installed for the 2008 UEFA Champions League Final.

In August 2016 a permanent hybrid turf was installed, consisting of 95 percent natural grass reinforced with plastic.



Background and early years
On 23 December 1954, the Government of the USSR adopted a resolution on the construction of a stadium in the Luzhniki area in Moscow.

The decision of the Soviet Government was a response to a specific current international situation: By the early 1950s, Soviet athletes took to the world stage for the first time after the Great Patriotic War, participating in the Olympic Games. The 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki brought the Soviet team 71 medals (of which 22 gold) and second place in the unofficial team standings.

It was a major success, but the increased athletic development of the Soviet Union, which was a matter of state policy, required the construction of a new sports complex. The proposed complex was to meet all modern international standards and at the same time serve as a training base for the Olympic team and arena for large domestic and international competitions.

The stadium was built in 1955–56 as the Grand Arena of the Central Lenin Stadium. Building materials came from Leningrad and the Armenian SSR, electrical and oak beams for the spectator benches from the Ukrainian SSR, furniture from Riga and Kaunas, glass was brought from Minsk, electrical equipment from Podolsk in Moscow Oblast, and larch lumber from Irkutsk in Siberia. It was necessary to demolish a whole area of dilapidated buildings (including the Trinity Church, which is supposed to be restored). Because the soil was heavily waterlogged, almost the entire area of the foundations of the complex had to be raised half a meter. 10,000 piles were hammered into the ground and dredgers reclaimed about 3 million cubic meters of soil.

The stadium was officially opened on 31 July 1956, having been built in just 450 days. It was the national stadium of the Soviet Union, and is now the national stadium of Russia.

1980 Summer Olympics
The stadium was the chief venue for the 1980 Summer Olympics, the spectator capacity being 103,000 at that time. The events hosted in this stadium were the Opening and Closing Ceremonies, Athletics, Football finals, and the Individual Jumping Grand Prix.

1982 Luzhniki disaster
On 20 October 1982, disaster struck during a UEFA Cup match between FC Spartak Moscow and HFC Haarlem. 66 people died in the stampede, which made it Russia’s worst sporting disaster at the time.

1990s and 2000s

In 1992, the stadium was renamed Luzhniki Stadium. An extensive renovation in 1996 saw the construction of a roof over the stands, and the refurbishment of the seating areas, resulting in a decrease in capacity.

The stadium hosted the 1999 UEFA Cup Final in which Parma defeated Marseille in the second UEFA Cup Final to be played as a single fixture.

The Luzhniki Stadium was chosen by UEFA to host the 2008 UEFA Champions League Final won by Manchester United who beat Chelsea in the first all-English Champions League Final on 21 May. The match passed incident-free and a spokesman for the British Embassy in Moscow said, “The security and logistical arrangements put in place by the Russian authorities have been first-rate, as has been their cooperation with their visiting counterparts from the UK.”

In August 2013, the stadium hosted the World Athletics Championships.


蘇維埃政府的決定是對當前特定國際形勢的回應:到20世紀50年代初,蘇聯運動員在衛國戰爭後首次進入世界舞台,參加奧運會。 1952年赫爾辛基夏季奧運會為蘇聯隊帶來了71枚獎牌(其中22枚金牌),並在非正式球隊積分榜上排名第二。







1992年,體育場改名為盧日尼基體育場。 1996年進行了大規模的翻新,在看台上建造了一個屋頂,並對座位區進行了翻新,導致容量減少。





FROM:Luzhniki Stadium – Estadios Mundialistas | Copa Mundial de la FIFA Rusia 2018

FROM:2018 FIFA World Cup: Moscow’s Luzhniki Stadium (360 VIDEO)

FROM:Luzhniki Stadium – Moscow «National stadium of Russia»

Don’t you think it’s addictive?
Want to know more about the beauty of architecture?
Come and join our members to explore the beauty of architectural design.




The above article is purely for appreciation and sharing purposes, as well as the construction of new technology and the public can be in-depth understanding of the information at the same time there are sources, will be able to query, no use of the document as a commercial transaction, if illegal, please inform the We will immediately remove the site, thank you for cooperation.



We're not around right now. But you can send us an email and we'll get back to you, asap.


Log in with your credentials


Forgot your details?

Create Account