London Aquatics Center 倫敦水上運動中心
The London Aquatics Centre is an indoor facility with two 50-metre (164-foot) swimming pools and a 25-metre (82-foot) diving pool in Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park in Stratford, London. The centre, one of the main venues of the 2012 Summer Olympics and the 2012 Summer Paralympics, was used for the swimming, diving and synchronised swimming events. After significant modification, the centre opened to the public in March 2014.
倫敦水上運動中心是一個室內設施，在倫敦斯特拉特福德的伊麗莎白女王奧林匹克公園內有兩個50米（164英尺）的游泳池和一個25米（82英尺）的跳水池。 該中心是2012年夏季奧運會和2012年夏季殘奧會的主要場地之一，用於游泳，潛水和花樣游泳活動。 經過重大修改後，該中心於2014年3月向公眾開放。
Location:Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park
Coordinates:51.5402°N 0.0106°WCoordinates: 51.5402°N 0.0106°W
Public transit:London Underground London Overground Crossrail Docklands Light Railway National Rail Stratford
Docklands Light Railway National Rail Stratford International
Operator:Greenwich Leisure Limited
Capacity:17,500 (2,500 post-Olympics)
Broke ground:July 2008
Built:27 July 2011
Construction cost:£269 million
Architect:Zaha Hadid Architects
Structural engineer:Ove Arup & Partners
General contractor:Balfour Beatty
2012 Summer Olympics
2012 Summer Paralympics
2016 European Aquatics Championships
坐標：51.5402°N 0.0106°W坐標：51.5402°N 0.0106°W
運營商：Greenwich Leisure Limited
建築師：Zaha Hadid Architects
The centre was designed by Pritzker Prize-winning architect Zaha Hadid in 2004 before London won the bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics. It was built alongside the Water Polo Arena and opposite the Olympic Stadium on the opposite bank of the Waterworks River. The site is 45 metres (148 feet) high, 160 metres (520 feet) long, and 80 metres (260 feet) wide. The wave-like roof is stated to be 11,200 square feet (1,040 m2), a reduction from the previously stated 35,000 square feet (3,300 m2). The design was inspired by the Dollan Aqua Centre in East Kilbride, Scotland.
The complex has a 50-m competition pool, a 25-m competition diving pool and a 50-m warm-up pool. The 50-m pool is 3 metres deep, like the one in the Beijing National Aquatics Center, in order to be fast. Its floor can be moved to reduce its depth. There are also moveable booms that allow its size to be changed. The diving pool has platform boards at heights of 3 m, 5 m, 7.5 m, and 10 m and three 3m springboards. For the television coverage of the Olympics, the pools were also equipped with innovative cameras in order to present the action from multiple angles.
Because the centre was designed before the Olympic bid was completed, the spectator wings were not part of the original design. They were later added to fit the estimated audience.
Jacques Rogge, IOC President, described the Centre as a “masterpiece”.
On 1 December 2005, Hadid was instructed to revise her designs after a specification change led to a doubling of the £75-million estimated cost. The new plans were unveiled on 27 November 2006. Although the same general design was kept, with capacity for 17,500 spectators, the revised design was much smaller and was expected to cost much less than the previous estimate. However, subsequent cost increases were reported to Parliament in 2008.
The construction contract was awarded to Balfour Beatty in April 2008. At the same time, it was reported that the centre would cost about three times as much as originally estimated, totalling about £242 million. The cost increases were attributed to construction inflation and VAT increases, and also included the estimated cost of converting the facility for public use after the Olympic and Paralympic Games. The Centre was completed in July 2011 at a final cost of £269 million.
By exposing the concrete finish rather than painting or cladding, the design demonstrates the precast-concrete skills provided by Peri. The precast floor terracing was manufactured by Bell & Webster Concrete in Lincolnshire, England. The terracing units were delivered and positioned to accelerate the speed of construction. The unique six-board diving platform is made from 462 tonnes of concrete. The aluminium roof covering was provided by Kalzip. The steel structure was built in cooperation with Rowecord Engineering, of Newport, Wales. The ceiling was built with 30,000 sections of Red Louro timber. The steel roof weighs 3,200 tonnes. The three pools hold around 10 million litres (2.2 million imperial gallons; 2.6 million US gallons) of water.
After the Paralympic Games, the Aquatic Centre was deconstructed to reduce its space. The frame wings on either side of the central space were removed, unbolted, and sold. The PVC wrap that temporarily enclosed the space was also sold, while the seats and toilets were reused elsewhere. As certain parts of the building were no longer needed, they were recycled via Vinyloop. This allowed the standards of the Olympic Delivery Authority concerning environmental protection to be met.
通過露出混凝土飾面而不是塗漆或覆層，該設計展示了Peri提供的預製混凝土技術。預製地板梯田由英國林肯郡的Bell＆Webster Concrete製造。交付和定位梯田單元以加快施工速度。獨特的六板潛水平台由462噸混凝土製成。鋁製屋頂覆蓋物由Kalzip提供。鋼結構是與威爾士紐波特的Rowecord工程公司合作建造的。天花板上有30,000個Red Louro木材。鋼屋頂重達3,200噸。這三個水池容納了大約1000萬升（220萬英國加侖; 260萬美製加侖）的水。
During the Games the venue had a capacity of 17,500. The two temporary “wings” have been removed, reducing the capacity to a regular 2,800 with an additional 1,000 seats available for major events. Of all the swimming venues built for the 2012 Summer Olympics, the Aquatics Centre is the only one that will remain afterwards, albeit in a downsized form.
在奧運會期間，場地的容量為17,500。 這兩個臨時“機翼”已被拆除，將容量減少到常規2,800，另外還有1,000個座位可用於重大活動。 在為2012年夏季奧運會建造的所有游泳場所中，水上運動中心是唯一一個將在之後保留的游泳場所，儘管是縮小形式。
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