Grosse cloche de Bordeaux 波爾多的大鐘

La grosse cloche de Bordeaux est le beffroi de l’ancien hôtel de ville. La porte et les tours, dites de la Grosse Cloche, sont classées au titre des monuments historiques par arrêté du 12 juillet 1886.

波爾多的大鐘是舊市政廳的鐘樓。 被稱為Grosse Cloche的大門和塔樓按照1886年7月12日的順序被列為歷史古蹟。

Type: Belfry
Style: Gothic Architecture
Construction: 15th century
Height: 40 m
Patrimonial status:
Historic Monument Logo Classified MH (1886, Buildings) 1
Historic monument logo Classified MH (1991, Bell)
Country: Flag of France.svg France
Region: New Aquitaine
Department: Gironde
City: Bordeaux
Coordinates: 44 ° 50 ’07 “N, 0 ° 34′ 17” W


It is one of the few civil monuments (with the door Cailhau) that the city preserves from the Middle Ages. It has been restored from 4 to 22 July 2016.

It was built in the fifteenth century on the remains of the old Porte Saint-Eloy (also called Saint James Gate) of the thirteenth century (backed by the church of Saint-Eloi of the twelfth century), open on the ramparts of the thirteenth century and under which the pilgrims of Saint-Jacques went on their way to Compostela. Hence the name of the neighboring St. James Street, St. James being the Gascon name of Saint-Jacques.

It consists of two circular towers 40 meters high connected by a central building and dominated by the golden leopard. Originally it was a set of four round and crenellated towers, to which were added, in the twelfth century, two other towers and rose only one floor. These last two were located at the site of the middle of the current course Victor Hugo which was at the time a ditch along the rampart.

All the successive modifications made between the fifteenth and seventeenth century transformed the primitive physiognomy of this door became belfry, the steeple of banal communal having been added to it from the fifteenth century.

The magistrates of the city rang the bell to give the signal of the grape harvests and to alert the population in case of beginnings of fires.

This is the reason why it has always been the symbol of the city and still stands today on the city’s coat of arms.
The Bordelais were very attached to this bell. Moreover, when the king wanted to punish them for their insubordination, it was enough for him to remove: the inhabitants were not long then to return to the rank to find their emblem … This is how it is removed from Bordelais by King Henry II and broken to punish them with their revolt of 1548 (the pauper’s jacquerie); the bell returns in 1561 for the greatest joy of the good people.

After the fire of 1755, alley and campanile crown the covered towers in the form of pepper shakers.

In the center of the wrought iron gate (eighteenth century) that closes the bay in which the bell is located, an escutcheon represents the arms of the city while, north face, grimacing gargoyles of the fifteenth century remain with, below, inscriptions engraved on black marble and dated 1592.

The current bell was cast in June 1775 by the founder Turmeau (see the plate under the tower). It weighs 7,800 kg for two meters in height and diameter4. It is classified under object since July 4, 1991. It rang the commemoration of the victory of May 8, 1945, since because of its weight and the risks of cracks that could cause the vibrations of the bell, it does not sounded a few times, when it was put back in place in the campanile, following its restoration and during the visit of General de Gaulle in the city, on April 10, 1961.

Until June 2016, it rang every year five times a year. January 1 (New Year), May 8 (Victory of May 8, 1945), July 14 (National Day), August 28 (liberation of Bordeaux in 1944) and November 11 (Armistice of 1918) in the presence of many spectators at 11 am6. Since then, it also sounds every first Sunday of the month.

Represented on the weather vane, the English leopard recalls the arms of the province of English Guyenne whose Bordeaux was the capital.

The clock built in 1759 according to the plans of the mathematician and astronomer Paul Larroque replaced that of 1567 executed by Raymond Sudre. Above it is a solar equation dial.

The tower is open from 1 pm to 7 pm during the summer.










直到2016年6月,它每年五次響起。 1月1日(元旦),5月8日在很多的情況下,7月14日(節假日),8月28日(解放波爾多1944年)和11月11日(1918年停戰)(1945年5月8日的勝利)觀眾在上午11點6點。從那時起,它也在每個月的第一個星期日發出聲音。





FROM:Beffroi de la Grosse Cloche


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