Philharmonie de Paris

The Philharmonie de Paris is a cultural institution in Paris, France which combine spaces all dedicated to music. It is composed of concert halls, exhibition spaces, rehearsal rooms, educational services, restaurant and bars. The main buildings are all located in the Parc de la Villette at the northeastern edge of Paris in the 19th arrondissement. At the core of this set of spaces is the symphonic concert hall of 2,400 seats designed by Jean Nouvel and opened in January 2015. Its construction had been postponed for about twenty years to complete the current musical institution la Cité de la Musique designed by Christian de Portzamparc and opened since 1995. Mainly dedicated to symphonic concerts, the Philharmonie de Paris also present other forms of music such as jazz and world music.

Philharmonie de Paris是法國巴黎的一個文化機構,它將所有專注於音樂的空間結合在一起。 它由音樂廳,展覽空間,排練室,教育服務,餐廳和酒吧組成。 主要建築均位於巴黎東北邊緣的第十九區Parc de la Villette。 這一系列空間的核心是由Jean Nouvel設計並於2015年1月開放的2,400個座位的交響音樂廳。它的建造已被推遲了大約20年,以完成由Christian de設計的現有音樂機構laCitédela Musique Portzamparc自1995年開始營業。主要致力於交響音樂會,Philharmonie de Paris也提供其他形式的音樂,如爵士樂和世界音樂。

Established:14 January 2015; 4 years ago
Location:221 avenue Jean-Jaurès
Paris 75019, France
Coordinates:48.891566°N 2.39407°E
Director:Laurent Bayle

成立時間:2015年1月14日; 在4年前
坐標:48.891566°N 2.39407°E
導演:Laurent Bayle

The project was announced on 6 March 2006, by the Minister of Culture and Communication, Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres, the Mayor of Paris, Bertrand Delanoë, and the Director of the Cité de la musique and of the Salle Pleyel, Laurent Bayle, during a press conference on the reopening of the Salle Pleyel, now linked with the Cité de la Musique. In 2007, Jean Nouvel won the design competition for the auditorium. He brought in Brigitte Métra as his partner, along with Marshall Day Acoustics (room acoustics design), Nagata Acoustics (peer-review and scale model study) and dUCKS Scéno (scenography).

The cost of construction, expected to be €170 million, was shared by the national government (45 per cent), the Ville de Paris (45 per cent), and the Région Île-de-France (10 per cent), but the final cost was around €386 million ($488 million)

該項目於2006年3月6日由文化和傳播部長Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres,巴黎市長BertrandDelanoë以及Citédela musique主任和Salle Pleyel Laurent Bayle宣布。 關於重新開放Salle Pleyel的新聞發布會,現在與Citédela Musique相關聯。 2007年,Jean Nouvel贏得了禮堂的設計競賽。 他帶來了BrigitteMétra作為他的合作夥伴,以及Marshall Day Acoustics(室內聲學設計),Nagata Acoustics(同行評審和比例模型研究)和dUCKSScéno(舞台學)。

建設成本預計為1.7億歐元,由國家政府(45%),巴黎市政府(45%)和法蘭西島地區(10%)共同承擔,但是 最終成本約為3.86億歐元(4.88億美元)

Philharmonie 1

Designed by Jean Nouvel, the Philharmonie 1 is an organic design with innovative forms rising like a hill within the Parc de la Villette. Aluminium panels in a basketweave design swirl tightly around the structure and contrast with the rest of its matte exterior. The exterior features the images of 340,000 birds etched into the surface in seven different shapes and four shades ranging from light grey to black to symbolize a grand take-off. The rooftop, 37 metres high, will be open to the public and will give visitors an expansive view of the city blending into the suburbs.

The building houses the site’s largest concert hall, called the Grande Salle Pierre Boulez. The design of the auditorium follows the model pioneered by the Berlin Philharmonie to intensify the feeling of intimacy between the performers and their audience. Indeed, the auditorium adapted the way the 2400 seats are distributed, between the parterre, behind the stage and on floating balconies around the central stage. The farthest spectator is only 32 metres from the conductor (compared to 40 or 50 metres in most large symphony halls). The hall’s enveloping configuration is designed to immerse the spectator in the music. Its walls are composed of moving panels designed to redirect the sound in multiple directions. These panels alternate with sound absorbing surfaces, specially treated to increase reflection and reverberation, the sound resonates throughout the vast acoustic volume (30,500 cubic metres).The tiers and parterre seating are retractable, offering an increased capacity of 3,650 people for events such as amplified concerts that require special configurations.

A number of spaces for use by musicians are situated around the hall, including dressing rooms but also rehearsal rooms. In all, the hall is encircled by five rehearsal rooms for various ensembles and ten chamber music studios. An entire section of the building is occupied by an 1,800-square-metre (19,000 sq ft) educational centre. With various rooms designed for collective practice, it will host workshop cycles for many groups. The site also boasts an 800-square-metre (8,600 sq ft) exhibition space, a conference hall and two restaurants.


Philharmonie 1由Jean Nouvel設計,是一種有機設計,其創新形式像Parc de la Villette內的小山一樣上升。採用籃式設計的鋁板圍繞結構旋轉,並與其餘的啞光外觀形成鮮明對比。外觀以340,000隻鳥的圖像為特色,以七種不同的形狀刻在表面上,四種色調從淺灰色到黑色,象徵著一次盛大的起飛。屋頂高37米,將向公眾開放,讓遊客可以欣賞到城市與郊區融為一體的廣闊景觀。

該建築是該場地最大的音樂廳,名為Grande Salle Pierre Boulez。禮堂的設計遵循柏林愛樂樂團開創的​​模式,以加強表演者與觀眾之間的親密感。實際上,禮堂調整了2400座位分佈的方式,在花壇,舞台後面和中央舞台周圍的浮動陽台之間。距離指揮最遠的觀眾只有32米(相比之下,大多數大型交響樂廳的距離為40或50米)。大廳的包圍配置旨在讓觀眾沉浸在音樂中。它的牆壁由移動面板組成,旨在將聲音重定向到多個方向。這些面板與吸音表面交替,經過特殊處理以增加反射和混響,聲音在整個巨大的聲學體積(30,500立方米)內產生共振。層和花壇座椅可伸縮,增加了3,650人的容量,如放大需要特殊配置的音樂會。



FROM:La Philharmonie de Paris

FROM:Experience exceptional acoustics at La Philharmonie de Paris

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