Russian Federation Government House 俄羅斯聯邦政府大樓

The White House (Russian: Белый дом, tr. Bely dom, IPA: [ˈbʲɛlɨj ˈdom]; officially: The House of the Government of the Russian Federation, Russian: Дом Правительства Российской Федерации, tr. Dom pravitelstva Rossiiskoi Federatsii), also known as the Russian White House, is a government building in Moscow. It stands on the Krasnopresnenskaya embankment. The building serves as the primary office of the government of Russia and is the official workplace of the Russian Prime Minister.

白宮(俄語:Белыйдом,tr.Bely dom,IPA:[bʲɛlɨjdom];正式:俄羅斯聯邦政府,俄語:ДомПравительстваРоссийскойФедерации,tr.Dom pravitelstva Rossiiskoi Federatsii),也稱 作為俄羅斯白宮,是莫斯科的政府大樓。 它矗立在Krasnopresnenskaya路堤上。 該建築是俄羅斯政府的主要辦公室,是俄羅斯總理的官方工作場所。

General information
Town or city:Moscow
Construction started:1965
Design and construction
Architect:Dmitry Chechulin, Pavel Shteller

建築師:Dmitry Chechulin,Pavel Shteller

The architects Dmitry Chechulin and Pavel Shteller designed the White House – originally called The House of Soviets. The overall design follows Chechulin’s 1934 draft of the Aeroflot building. Construction started in 1965 and ended in 1981.

Use of the building
Soviet Union
Following the completion of the building in 1981, the Supreme Soviet of Russia, which had until then held its sessions in the Grand Kremlin Palace, used the White House. The Supreme Soviet of Russia remained in the building until the end of the Soviet Union in 1991, as well as during the first years of the Russian Federation. In 1991 the Soviet Union issued a 50-kopeck stamp depicting the White House and honoring resistance to the 1991 Soviet coup d’état attempt.

Russian Federation
After the end of the Soviet Union, the White House continued to serve as the seat of the Russian parliament.

1993 Russian constitutional crisis

By sunrise on October 4 1993, the Russian army encircled the parliament building, and a few hours later army tanks began to shell the White House. The White House stood damaged for some time after the 1993 Russian constitutional crisis, and the black burns from tank shelling became famous, so much so that it became traditional to photograph newly-weds in front of its damaged façade.

The reformed parliament, known thereafter by its Tsarist-era title of State Duma, was elected in 1994 and moved to another building on Moscow’s Okhotny Ryad (street) . As of 2016 the renovated White House houses the Russian government. An inscription at the base of the tower reads, “House of the Government of the Russian Federation”.

建築師Dmitry Chechulin和Pavel Shteller設計了白宮 – 原名為蘇維埃之家。總體設計遵循Chechulin 1934年的Aeroflot建築草案。建設始於1965年,並於1981年結束。

在1981年建成後,俄羅斯最高蘇維埃在此之前一直在大克里姆林宮舉行會議,使用了白宮。直到1991年蘇聯結束以及俄羅斯聯邦的最初幾年,俄羅斯最高蘇維埃仍留在建築物內。 1991年,蘇聯發行了一張50戈比的郵票,描繪了白宮並紀念對1991年蘇聯政變的企圖。




改革後的議會,後來以其沙皇時代的國家杜馬稱號而聞名,於1994年當選,並搬到莫斯科的Okhotny Ryad(街道)另一棟大樓。截至2016年,經過翻新的白宮收容了俄羅斯政府。塔底的銘文上寫著“俄羅斯聯邦政府之家”。


FROM:Government house of Russian Federation at night timelapse hyperlapse, Moscow



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