Dunalley House on the Tasman Peninsular is a project for a young family recovering from the dramatic loss of their family holiday retreat during the devastating 2013 Dunalley bushfires. The 10 hectare property was left scorched and barren; the original holiday home destroyed while the family watched from the foreshore below. The client brief was for a primarily concrete building: solid and protective yet connecting with the expansive outlook across Dunalley Bay. The new building was located proximate to the water. A moderate budget and tight time frame encouraged a semi-modular approach to construction of prefabricated steel and precast concrete panels. A high “bushfire attack level” rating influenced material choice. Low profile, the building stretches across the site, in response to the expansive milieu. Planning is elementary: a bunker for sleeping, and a pavilion for living, separated by a long deck that serves as both entry and axis to the bay beyond. The quiet interior allows for contemplation of changing light and weather. The deck extends on the ocean side to a fire dish, as a beacon on the bluff, a place to congregate and, perhaps, a symbol of the force that transformed the property.
塔斯曼半島的杜納利之家（Dunalley House）是一個年輕家庭的項目，旨在從2013年杜納利（Dunalley）森林大火災害期間家庭度假休假中恢復過來。 10公頃的土地被燒焦，貧瘠;當家人從下面的海灘觀看時，原來的度假屋被毀。客戶簡介是一個主要的混凝土建築：堅固和保護，但與Dunalley灣的廣闊前景相連。新建築位於水邊。適度的預算和緊迫的時間框架鼓勵採用半模塊化方法來建造預製鋼和預製混凝土板。高“叢林火災攻擊等級”評級影響了材料選擇。低調的建築物延伸到整個場地，以應對廣闊的環境。規劃是基本的：一個用於睡覺的沙坑，一個用於生活的涼亭，由一個長長的甲板隔開，作為海灣的入口和軸線。安靜的室內空間可以讓人聯想到光線和天氣的變化。甲板在海邊延伸到火盤，作為懸崖上的燈塔，聚集的地方，也許是改變財產的力量的象徵。
Architect:Stuart Tanner Architects
建築師：Stuart Tanner Architects
The pragmatic is mixed with the poetic, as precast concrete, steel and glass come together to form this robust holiday house perched on the Tasmanian coast.
At the start of 2013, a giant fire roared through Dunalley and along the Forestier Peninsula. More than one hundred homes were lost throughout south-eastern Tasmania in these disastrous fires and affected communities are still in the process of rebuilding. With no time to evacuate, the owners of Dunalley House watched from the shoreline as their brick holiday home was destroyed. Understandably, the effect of this event was at the front of their minds when they approached Stuart Tanner Architects shortly after to design a new holiday home that was “robust” and defensible, yet felt like it was “floating on the water.”
2013年初，一場巨大的火災在Dunalley和Forestier半島上咆哮。在這些災難性的大火中，塔斯馬尼亞島東南部地區失去了一百多所房屋，受影響的社區仍處於重建過程中。由於沒有時間疏散，Dunalley House的業主從海岸線上看到他們的磚頭度假屋被毀。可以理解的是，這次活動的影響在他們與Stuart Tanner建築事務所接觸後不久就設計了一個“強大”且可防禦的新度假屋，但感覺它“漂浮在水面上”。
The large site is at the southern end of Dunalley Bay and includes an exposed point that looks west toward Hobart and Mount Wellington across multiple bays and peninsulas. Stuart Tanner saw the key roles of this building as providing protection in a location exposed to wind, fire and sun; and offering a way to experience a vast, sublime expanse of sky and water. He also needed to keep within a healthy, yet modest budget and have the building completed within a short timeframe. So before deciding the exact siting and layout of the building, he walked the site with a regular collaborator, Scott Cordwell of building company Cordwell Lane. Together, they discussed systems of construction that could fit within the project parameters. A modular building of precast concrete, steel and glass emerged at this point, making a good match with the aesthetic and pragmatic desires of the clients.
這個大型場地位於Dunalley灣的南端，包括一個暴露點，向西朝向霍巴特和惠靈頓山，橫跨多個海灣和半島。 Stuart Tanner認為這座建築的關鍵作用是在暴露在風，火和陽光下的地方提供保護;並提供一種體驗廣闊，壯觀的天空和水的方式。他還需要保持健康但適度的預算，並在短時間內完成建築。因此，在決定建築物的確切選址和佈局之前，他與建築公司Cordwell Lane的定期合作夥伴Scott Cordwell一起走過了現場。他們一起討論了可以適合項目參數的構造系統。此時出現了預製混凝土，鋼和玻璃的模塊化建築，與客戶的審美和務實慾望完美匹配。
With a building system in mind, Stuart returned to thinking about what the site needed and found that he was repeatedly drawing strong horizontal lines in section. Pragmatically, he felt that the building needed a large roof, like a hat, to protect the occupants from the sun and poetically, he wanted to offer a way to frame and thus a way to experience the sublime vista. What emerged was a two-part plan that offered a “terrace for living and a bunker for sleeping,” sited as close as possible to the shore to create the feeling of the house hovering over water.
Following these intuitive sketches, the strongest gestures on the site are the parallel planes of the terrace floor and roof. Extending beyond the glazing and seeming to hover above the ground, these cantilevered planes of concrete, timber and steel form a bold frame to the view, like a letterbox film format. The detailing of the glazing is deliberately uncomplicated, with commercial sections simply sitting on the slab edge. But the effect is to emphasize the horizontal planes and the feeling of being sandwiched within the viewing frame. Material finishes and textures such as trowel patterns, timber grain and rolled mild steel were selected to enhance the continuity between inside and out and to offer variations in the reflection of light.
Meeting the living terrace to form an “L” in plan, the bunker is a much more direct, practical building. True to its name, it is predominantly made from precast concrete and painted cement sheet, with openings punched into the skin and its southern face almost entirely closed to protect against fire. But true to the design concept, the pragmatic is still mixed with the poetic. At one end of the bunker is a series of relatively monastic bedrooms and bath-rooms that take in more intimate views of Dunalley Bay, and at the other end is a minimalist bathing space with a freestanding bath and an entire glazed wall at the west that was made just for admiring the view. Between these wings is a foyer accessed by a heavy, steel-clad entry door. Once opened, the entry deck links the foyer with a jetty-like structure reaching toward the coast, forming an axis with a small island in the bay and Mount Wellington beyond. And at the end, a fire pit is located to offer an external point of focus. Critically, the two wings form a protective arm to the prevailing north-west wind, such that in wild weather utterly calm breakfasts can still be enjoyed on the entry deck, with the kitchen serving to this outdoor space via awning-style glazing.
As you would expect from a holiday house, the key experience of the site is from the living terrace. Despite the illusion that this building hovers above the ground, the weight of the materials and the plan arrangement work in concert to offer a quiet, protective space from which to enjoy this remarkable place. In fact, there is such an expanse of sky, sea and land to see, it seems essential that the building act as a frame to contain the overwhelming nature of the view and amplify its subtleties. Ultimately, though, the strongest player here is light. The strong horizontal surfaces absorb and reflect changes of light across the sea and sky throughout the day, such that the interior atmosphere can transform entirely from morning until night. It is good fortune that this is a home dedicated to holidays, as this mode offers time to stop and just sit “within” the view, enjoying these subtle changes as they occur.
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