Simmons Hall 席夢思大廳

The undergraduate residence is envisioned with the concept of “porosity.” It is a vertical slice of city, 10 stories tall and 382′ long, providing a 125 seat theater, a night café, and street level dining. The “sponge” concept transforms the building via a series of programmatic and bio-technical functions. The building has five large openings corresponding to main entrances, view corridors, and outdoor activity terraces. Large, dynamic openings are the lungs, bringing natural light down and moving air up. Each of the dormitory’s single rooms has nine operable windows. An 18″ wall depth shades out the summer sun while allowing the low angled winter sun to help heat the building. At night, light from these windows is rhythmic and magical.

本科住宅設想了“孔隙度”的概念。它是一個垂直的城市,10層高,382英尺長,提供125個座位的劇院,夜間咖啡廳和街道用餐。 “海綿”概念通過一系列程序和生物技術功能改變了建築。該建築有五個大開口,分別對應主要入口,觀景走廊和戶外活動露台。大而動態的開口是肺部,自然光線下降,空氣向上移動。宿舍的每間單人間均設有9個可操作的窗戶。 18英寸的牆壁遮擋了夏日的陽光,同時允許低角度的冬日陽光幫助建築物加熱。晚上,這些窗戶的光線是有節奏和神奇的。

Architects: Steven Holl Architects
Location: Cambridge, Massachusetts
Local Architect: Perry Dean Rogers & Partners
Project Year: 1999-2002
Structural Engineer: Simpson Gumpertz & Heger

建築師:Steven Holl Architects
當地建築師:Perry Dean Rogers&Partners
結構工程師:Simpson Gumpertz&Heger

When Massachusetts Institute of Technology commissioned Steven Holl in 1999 to design a new a dormitory for the school they had one goal in sight: that the spaces around and within the building would stir up interaction among students. While MIT focused on the building’s use and function, Holl aimed to create a memorable building. With MIT’s vision in mind along with Holl’s artistic architectural ideas, the ten-story undergraduate dormitory became a small city in itself with balancing opposing architectural elements, such as solids and voids and opaqueness and transparency.

當麻省理工學院於1999年委託Steven Holl為學校設計一個新的宿舍時,他們有一個目標:建築物周圍和內部的空間將激發學生之間的互動。雖然麻省理工學院專注於建築的使用和功能,但霍爾的目標是創造一個令人難忘的建築。隨著麻省理工學院的願景以及霍爾的藝術建築理念,這個十層的本科宿捨本身就成了一個小城市,平衡了相對的建築元素,如固體和空隙,不透明和透明度。

Holl’s design solution was that the building would metaphorically work as a sponge. It would be a porous structure that would soak up light through a series of large openings that would cut into the building so that light would filter through in section. These breaks in section would then become main interactive spaces for the students, providing views onto different levels. In his original drawings, Holl referred to these breaks as the building’s “lungs” as they would bring natural light down while circulating air up.


Unfortunately, the final design was not able to incorporate these gaps at the massive scale that Holl originally had in mind due to fire regulations. Nonetheless the main concept was still carried through with smaller breaks. The lungs scattered throughout the building have a dynamic organic geometry that juxtaposes the rigidity of the gridded rectilinear exterior. Along this colored exterior grid system are five large openings, or voids, in an otherwise solid structure that correspond to main entrances, view corridors, and outdoor terraces.


MIT’s desire for the undergraduate dormitory to encourage interaction and mingling among students was the driving force behind Simmons Hall becoming a “slice of a city.” The 195,000 square foot project is not only a dormitory with 350 residences, but also contains an 125 seat theater, a night cafe, and street level dining. The interior corridors are 11 feet wide, enhancing the possibilities for urban conditions inside. The abundance of windows creates a constant flicker of changing lights as the different rooms are occupied, resembling a city skyline at night. These windows also welcome plenty of sunlight and natural ventilation for each room. Each residential room has nine operable windows, and an 18-inch wall depth allows low-angled winter sun to warm up the building and allow the rooms to stay shaded and cool during the summer months.


“For Simmons Hall, the new undergraduate dormitory at the Massachesetts Institute of Technoloy, Holl infects a perforated, monolithic box with contained spaces that curve and unfold towards natural light.” Holl’s design was able to meet MIT’s expectations for a more interactive environment with beautiful spaces through his contained city. The building is both “rational and intuitive” and creates a lively, well-lit urban condition in a completely enclosed structure.

“對於Simmons Hall,Massachesetts技術研究所的新本科宿舍,Holl感染了一個帶有空間的穿孔整體盒子,這些空間可以彎曲並向自然光展開。”Holl的設計能夠滿足麻省理工學院對更具互動性的環境的期望通過他所包含的城市空間。該建築既“理性又直觀”,在完全封閉的結構中營造出生動,光線充足的城市環境。


FROM:MIT Simmons Hall by Steven Holl

FROM:Phenomenology In Simmons Hall

Don’t you think it’s addictive?
Want to know more about the beauty of architecture?
Come and join our members to explore the beauty of architectural design.




The above article is purely for appreciation and sharing purposes, as well as the construction of new technology and the public can be in-depth understanding of the information at the same time there are sources, will be able to query, no use of the document as a commercial transaction, if illegal, please inform the We will immediately remove the site, thank you for cooperation.



We're not around right now. But you can send us an email and we'll get back to you, asap.


Log in with your credentials


Forgot your details?

Create Account