The city hall of Middelburg 米德爾堡市政廳

The late-gothic town hall of Middelburg is situated at the market of Middelburg, Zeeland. It is considered one of the finest gothic buildings in the Netherlands. Construction began in 1452 and was supervised by several generations of the Flemish family of architects Keldermans. Construction was completed in 1520, the town hall received a facade with gothic windows, red-white shutters, smaller turrets and twenty-five statues of Zeeland’s counts and countesses. The building has one main tower, which the Middelburgers call ‘Malle Betje’. This mocking name comes from the fact it used to run behind the town’s other clock tower, the ‘lange Jan’. A meat-auction or ‘meathall’ used to be situated in the building, which had a separate entrance. Whereas the town hall itself is still used for weddings, since 2004 its spaces are in use by the University College Roosevelt, the local university. The former meat hall has been in use as an exhibition space for the SBKM since 1980.

Middelburg的哥特式晚期市政廳位於Zeeland的米德爾堡市場。 它被認為是荷蘭最好的哥特式建築之一。 建築始於1452年,由幾代佛蘭芒建築師Keldermans家族監督。 建築工程於1520年完工,市政廳門面設有哥特式窗戶,紅白色百葉窗,較小的砲塔和二十五個澤蘭的計數和反擊雕像。 該建築有一座主塔,Middelburgers稱之為“Malle Betje”。 這個嘲弄的名字來自它曾經在城鎮的另一個鐘樓後面運行的事實,即’lange Jan’。 肉類拍賣或’meathall’曾經位於建築物內,該建築有一個單獨的入口。 雖然市政廳本身仍用於舉辦婚禮,但自2004年以來,其所在的大學學院羅斯福大學就開始使用其空間。 自1980年以來,前肉館一直被用作SBKM的展覽空間。

General information
Status:University building, Wedding venue
Architectural style:Late gothic
Construction started:15th century
Completed:16th century


The statues on the facades represented counts and countesses of the province Zeeland. They were painted in bright colors. Especially in red and blue, the crowns being partially goldened. These bright colors would today seem a bit strange and out of context. The historical reality was much more colorful as we believe it to be. The series of statues starts at the left with Dirk the fifth of Holland and Zeeland, he ruled from 1061-1091. The series ends with emperor Karel the fifth (1596-1555). The last landlord Filips the second (1555-1598) is not included, even though a podest in reserved for him. This is most likely due to the war between him and the Netherlands from 1569-1648.

外牆上的雕像代表了澤蘭省的數量和反擊。 他們被漆成鮮豔的顏色。 特別是在紅色和藍色中,冠部分是金色的。 今天這些鮮豔的色彩看起來有點奇怪,脫離背景。 我們相信,歷史現實更加豐富多彩。 這一系列的雕像始於左側,德克是荷蘭和澤蘭的第五個,他從1061年至1091年統治。 該系列以皇帝卡雷爾五世(1596-1555)結束。 最後一個房東Filips第二個(1555-1598)不包括在內,即使是為他保留的podest。 這很可能是由於他和荷蘭之間的戰爭從1569年到1648年。

The town hall’s interiors burnt down entirely on May 17, 1940 during the bombardments in the Second World War. Like most of the old town center of Middelburg, the town hall suffered the German bombardments. Old paintings and documents were lost, only the exterior remained. A large restorative campaign started, which lasted till late in the 20th century. It was decided to restore the gothic facades, and to add a new building into the interiors, in a style fitting with the traditional gothic building. The architects H. van Heeswijk from The Hague and M. J. J. van Beveren supervised this reconstruction.

1940年5月17日,在第二次世界大戰的轟炸中,市政廳的內部完全被燒毀。 像米德爾堡的大多數老城中心一樣,市政廳遭受了德國的轟炸。 舊的繪畫和文件丟失了,只留下了外觀。 大規模的恢復運動開始,一直持續到20世紀末。 決定恢復哥特式外牆,並在內部添加一幢新建築,其風格與傳統的哥特式建築相得益彰。 來自海牙的建築師H. van Heeswijk和M. J. J. van Beveren監督了這次重建工作。


FROM:Middelburg in 48 hours | City Guide | Zeeland in the Netherlands | Holland | TravelGretl

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