Centre Pompidou-Metz 蓬皮杜 – 梅斯中心

The Centre Pompidou-Metz is a museum of modern and contemporary arts located in Metz, capital of Lorraine, France. It is a branch of Pompidou arts centre of Paris, and features semi-permanent and temporary exhibitions from the large collection of the French National Museum of Modern Art, the largest European collection of 20th and 21st century arts. The museum is the largest temporary exhibition space outside Paris in France with 5,000 m2 (54,000 sq ft) divided between 3 galleries, a theatre, and an auditorium.

The first piece of the monument designed by Japanese architect Shigeru Ban was laid on November 7, 2006, and the building was inaugurated by French President Nicolas Sarkozy on May 12, 2010. The building is remarkable for its roof structure, one of the largest and most complex built to date, which was inspired by a Chinese hat found in Paris by Shigeru Ban.

Since its inauguration, the institution has become one of the most visited cultural venues in France outside Paris.

蓬皮杜梅斯中心是位於法國洛林首都梅斯的現代和當代藝術博物館。 它是巴黎蓬皮杜藝術中心的一個分支,擁有法國國家現代藝術博物館的大型半永久和臨時展覽,這是歐洲最大的20世紀和21世紀藝術收藏品。 該博物館是法國巴黎以外最大的臨時展覽空間,面積為5,000平方米(54,000平方英尺),分為3個畫廊,一個劇院和一個禮堂。

由日本建築師Shigeru Ban設計的第一塊紀念碑於2006年11月7日奠基,該建築於2010年5月12日由法國總統Nicolas Sarkozy開幕。該建築以其最大的屋頂結構而聞名。 迄今為止最複雜的建築,靈感來自Shigeru Ban在巴黎發現的中國帽子。


General information
Type:Culture and leisure
Location:Metz, France
Coordinates:49°6′29″N 6°10′48″E
Construction started:November 7, 2006
Inaugurated:May 12, 2010
Cost:69.33 million Euros
Landlord:Metz city
Height:77 m (253 ft)
Technical details
Floor area:10,660 m2 (114,700 sq ft)
Design and construction
Architect:Shigeru Ban
Architecture firm:Shigeru Ban Architects Europe
Main contractor:Metz Métropole
Renovating team
Renovating firm:Demathieu & Bard

坐標:49°6’29“N 6°10’48”E
建築師:Shigeru Ban
建築公司:Shigeru Ban Architects Europe

Architecture and urban design
The Centre Pompidou-Metz is a large hexagon structured round a central spire reaching 77 m (253 ft), alluding to the 1977 opening date of the original Centre Pompidou of Paris. It possesses three rectangular galleries (Gallery 1, 2, and 3) weaving through the building at different levels, jutting out through the roof with huge picture windows angled towards landmarks such as the Saint-Stephen Gothic cathedral, the Imperial railway station, the Arsenal Concert Hall built by Spanish architect Ricardo Bofill, the Arènes indoor sport arena built by French architect Paul Chemetov, and the Seille park. The great nave covers 1,200 m2 (13,000 sq ft) and provides flexibility for the exhibition of large artworks, with the ceiling rising progressively from a height of 5.7 m (19 ft) to 18 m (59 ft).

The roof is the major achievement of the building: a 90 m (300 ft) wide hexagon echoing the building’s floor map. With a surface area of 8,000 m2 (86,000 sq ft), the roof structure is composed of sixteen kilometres of glued laminated timber, that intersect to form hexagonal wooden units resembling the cane-work pattern of a Chinese hat. The roof’s geometry is irregular, featuring curves and counter-curves over the entire building, and in particular the three exhibition galleries. Imitating this kind of hat and its protective fabric, the entire wooden structure is covered with a white fibreglass membrane and a coating of teflon, which has the distinction of being self-cleaning, protecting from direct sunlight, while providing a transparent view at night. The roof structure can be seen from high up during both day and night in Metz from above, an aerial movie made by French photographer Yann Arthus-Bertrand.

The Centre Pompidou-Metz includes also a restaurant terrace, for which French designer Patrick Jouin and Kenyan architect Sanjit Manku produced interior spaces inspired by the image of a kaleidoscope. The museum-surrounding garden has been thought by French landscape architect Jean de Gastine using the concepts of sustainable gardening.

The museum is the cornerstone of the newly created Amphitheater District of Metz. The district of 50 ha (123.6 acres), thought by French architects Nicolas Michelin, Jean-Paul Viguier, and Christian de Portzamparc, and designer Philippe Starck, is currently under construction and includes the edification of a convention centre and a shopping mall. The quarter encompasses already the Seille park designed by French landscape architect Jacques Coulon and the Arènes indoor sport arena built in 2002. The urban project completion is expected to take place by 2016. Swiss designer Ruedi Baur created the Metz’s signage systems.

The Centre Pompidou-Metz and its forecourt, named Human Rights square, are built on the site of the Roman amphitheatre of Divodurum Medriomaticum (ancestor of present-day Metz), near the Metz Imperial District and the Station Palace.

蓬皮杜 – 梅斯中心是一個大型六角形結構,圍繞著一個中心尖塔,高達77米(253英尺),暗示著1977年巴黎蓬皮杜藝術中心的開放日期。它擁有三個長方形的畫廊(畫廊1,2和3),穿過建築物的不同層次,突出屋頂,巨大的窗戶朝向地標,如聖斯蒂芬哥特式大教堂,帝國火車站,阿森納音樂廳由西班牙建築師Ricardo Bofill建造,由法國建築師Paul Chemetov建造的Arènes室內運動場和Seille公園。這個巨大的教堂中殿佔地1200平方米(13,000平方英尺),為大型藝術品的展覽提供了靈活性,天花板從5.7米(19英尺)高度逐漸上升到18米(59英尺)。

屋頂是建築的主要成就:一個90米(300英尺)寬的六邊形與建築的樓層地圖相呼應。屋頂結構由8,000平方米(86,000平方英尺)的表面積組成,由16公里的膠合層壓木材組成,相交形成類似於中國帽子的甘蔗工作圖案的六邊形木製單元。屋頂的幾何形狀是不規則的,在整個建築物上都有曲線和反曲線,特別是三個展覽館。模仿這種帽子及其防護織物,整個木結構覆蓋著白色玻璃纖維膜和聚四氟乙烯塗層,具有自清潔的特點,避免陽光直射,同時在夜間提供透明視圖。在法國攝影師Yann Arthus-Bertrand製作的一部航拍電影中,從上方可以看到屋頂結構在白天和晚上都在高處。

蓬皮杜梅斯中心還設有一個餐廳露台,法國設計師Patrick Jouin和肯尼亞建築師Sanjit Manku根據萬花筒的形象創作了室內空間。法國景觀設計師Jean de Gastine使用可持續園藝的概念來思考博物館周圍的花園。

博物館是新建的梅斯圓形劇場區的基石。法國建築師Nicolas Michelin,Jean-Paul Viguier和Christian de Portzamparc以及設計師Philippe Starck認為,50公頃(123.6英畝)的區域正在建設中,包括會議中心和購物中心的啟發。本季度已經由法國景觀設計師Jacques Coulon設計的Seille公園和2002年建成的Arènes室內運動場。城市項目預計將於2016年完工。瑞士設計師Ruedi Baur創建了Metz的標牌系統。

蓬皮杜 – 梅斯中心及其前院,名為人權廣場,建在羅馬圓形劇場Divodurum Medriomaticum(現今梅斯的祖先)的遺址上,靠近梅斯帝國區和車站宮殿。

Exhibitions and performances
The Centre Pompidou-Metz also displays around 3 to 4 unique temporary exhibitions per year, which are not presented elsewhere. Most of the artworks exhibited are from the large collection of the National Museum of Modern Art, which encompasses the largest European collection of modern and contemporary arts and the second in the world. The museum works in close collaboration with the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Luxembourgian Museum of Modern Art, or the Center for Art and Media Karlsruhe in joint initiatives.

The Centre Pompidou-Metz promotes the local art scene in collaborating with the Regional Contemporary Art Fund of Lorraine. In addition to the temporary exhibitions, the Centre Pompidou-Metz museum features seasonal programming with contemporary live shows in its theater and organizes meetings and conferences in its auditorium with worldly recognized, as well as, local artists.

The Centre Pompidou-Metz edifice and surrounding Metz are sometimes used as support for the artistic production displayed during the temporary exhibitions. For example, the architectural structure of the Centre Pompidou-Metz was used as support for a visual art project by French visual artists Simon Geilfus, Yannick Jacquet, and Thomas Vaquié. Also, French aerial photographer Yann Arthus-Bertrand captured Metz from high up, giving a privileged views of the museum and the city for the exhibition Views from above.

蓬皮杜 – 梅斯中心每年還展出約3至4個獨特的臨時展覽,但未在其他地方展出。展出的大部分作品均來自國家現代藝術博物館的大型收藏品,其中包括歐洲最大的現代和當代藝術收藏品,以及世界第二。該博物館與洛杉磯郡藝術博物館,盧森堡現代藝術博物館或卡爾斯魯厄藝術與媒體中心密切合作,共同舉辦。

蓬皮杜 – 梅斯中心與洛林區域當代藝術基金會合作,促進當地藝術界的發展。除了臨時展覽外,蓬皮杜梅斯中心博物館還在其劇院內設有季節性節目和現代現場表演,並在其禮堂舉辦會議和會議,與世界公認的當地藝術家合作。

蓬皮杜 – 梅斯中心大廈和周圍的梅斯有時被用作臨時展覽期間展出的藝術作品的支持。例如,Centre Pompidou-Metz的建築結構被法國視覺藝術家Simon Geilfus,Yannick Jacquet和ThomasVaquié用作視覺藝術項目的支持。此外,法國航拍攝影師Yann Arthus-Bertrand從高處拍攝了梅斯,從上面可以看到博物館和城市的特色景觀。


FROM:Construction accélérée du Centre Pompidou-Metz

FROM:Centre Pompidou Metz Animation

FROM:Centre Pompidou Metz

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