Glass House 玻璃屋
The Glass House, or Johnson house, is a historic house museum on Ponus Ridge Road in New Canaan, Connecticut. Built in 1948-49, it was designed by Philip Johnson as his own residence, and “universally viewed as having been derived from” the Farnsworth House design, according to Alice T. Friedman. Johnson curated an exhibit of Mies van der Rohe work at the Museum of Modern Art in 1947, featuring a model of the glass Farnsworth House. It was an important and influential project for Johnson and for modern architecture. The building is an essay in minimal structure, geometry, proportion, and the effects of transparency and reflection. The estate includes other buildings designed by Johnson that span his career. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1997. It is now owned by the National Trust for Historic Preservation, and is open to the public for guided tours, which begin at a visitors center at 199 Elm Street in New Canaan.
The house is an example of early use of industrial materials such as glass and steel in home design. Johnson lived at the weekend retreat for 58 years, and since 1960 with his longtime companion, David Whitney, an art critic and curator who helped design the landscaping and largely collected the art displayed there.
玻璃屋或約翰遜房屋是康涅狄格州新迦南Ponus Ridge路上一座歷史悠久的房屋博物館。根據Alice T. Friedman的說法，它建於1948年至1949年，由菲利普約翰遜設計為自己的住所，並且“被普遍認為是源於法恩斯沃思住宅的設計”。約翰遜於1947年在現代藝術博物館策劃了一個密斯凡德羅的作品展，其中展示了法恩斯沃思玻璃的模型。對於約翰遜和現代建築來說，這是一個重要且有影響力的項目。該建築是一篇文章，涉及最小的結構，幾何形狀，比例，以及透明度和反射的影響。該莊園包括約翰遜設計的其他建築物。它於1997年被指定為國家歷史地標。它現在歸國家歷史保護信託所有，並向公眾開放導遊，從新迦南榆樹街199號的遊客中心開始。
Location:798-856 Ponus Ridge Road, New Canaan, Connecticut
Coordinates:41°8′32.73″N 73°31′45.84″WCoordinates: 41°8′32.73″N 73°31′45.84″W
Architect:Philip Cortelyou Johnson
Architectural style:Modern Movement
地點：798-856 Ponus Ridge Road，New Canaan，Connecticut
坐標：41°8’32.73“N 73°31’45.84”WCoordinates：41°8’32.73“N 73°31’45.84”W
建築師：Philip Cortelyou Johnson
The Glass House is located on a beautiful spot where the trees are the only barrier – which acts as the surrounding wall – that can stop the view of visitors through the walls of glass.
玻璃屋位於一個美麗的地方，樹木是唯一的屏障 – 作為周圍的牆壁 – 可以阻止遊客穿過玻璃牆。
At the Glass House is clearly one of the most important architectural principles proposed by Mies van der Rohe: “Less is more, here are minimal materials used, elements of the economy is very clear and does virtually any ornament.
The basic concept of The Glass House was taken from the house Farnworth by Mies van der Rohe, but with differences as the symmetry and the seat firmly on the ground. The interior space is divided by cabinets and a low brick cylinder containing the bathroom. Much of the furniture Bauhaus Johnson stays at home
The Glass House的基本概念取自Mies van der Rohe的房子Farnworth，但對稱性和座位牢固地在地面上有所不同。 內部空間由櫥櫃和包含浴室的低磚圓筒分開。 Bauhaus Johnson的大部分家具都留在家中
The Glass House was a major point in the quest for transparency and the flexibility of European modernity that undoubtedly represents the tip of the Dematerialisation of architecture.
The house bears the proposal completely surrounded the prism glass synthesis extreme environments and solving the various functions of the various sectors such as housing equipment within a single space, rhythm only by the presence of the volume of home and in the form of the cubicle Bath crescent.
The floor of a cube whose contour is formed only by the thin steel work painstakingly painted black.
The steel frames of black and red brick cylinder that contains the fireplace and the bathroom, set the volume of this work and anchor the composition to the floor, causing the building was erected almost naturally on the ground, which distinguishes it from the designs of Mies van der Rohe, who generally float-in-space.
Due to the ceiling opaque and transparent walls of the house of glass, visitors will have the wonderful feeling of being permanently under one roof, but never found inside a building. The transparency of the material allows the landscape element that is virtually built the image inside the house
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