FROM:Renzo Piano Interview: On the Shoulders of Giants

Renzo Piano, OMRI, OMCA (Italian: [ˈrɛntso ˈpjaːno]; born 14 September 1937) is an Italian architect. His notable buildings include the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris (with Richard Rogers, 1977), The Shard in London (2012), and the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City (2015). He won the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1998.

Renzo Piano,OMRI,OMCA(意大利語:[rɛntsopjaːno]; 1937年9月14日出生)是意大利建築師。 他著名的建築包括巴黎的蓬皮杜中心(Richard Rogers,1977年),倫敦的Shard(2012年)和紐約市的惠特尼美國藝術博物館(2015年)。 他於1998年獲得普利茲克建築獎。

Early life and first buildings
Piano was born in Genoa, Italy, into a family of builders. His grandfather had created a masonry enterprise, which had been expanded by his father, Carlo Piano, and his father’s three brothers, into the firm Fratelli Piano. The firm prospered after World War II, constructing houses and factories and selling construction materials. When his father retired the enterprise was led by Renzo’s older brother, Ermanno, who studied engineering at the University of Genoa. Renzo studied architecture at the Milan Polytechnic University. He graduated in 1964 with a dissertation about modular coordination (coordinazione modulare) supervised by Giuseppe Ciribini and began working with experimental lightweight structures and basic shelters.

Piano taught at the Polytechnic University from 1965 until 1968, and expanded his horizons and technical skills by working in two large international firms, for the modernist architect Louis Kahn in Philadelphia and for the Polish engineer Zygmunt Stanlislaw Makowski in London. He completed his first building, the IPE factory in Genoa, in 1968, with a roof of steel and reinforced polyester, and created a continuous membrane for the covering of a pavilion at the Milan Triennale in the same year. In 1970, he received his first international commission, for the Pavilion of Italian Industry for Expo 70 in Osaka, Japan. He collaborated with his brother Ermanno and the family firm, which manufactured the structure. It was lightweight and original composed of steel and reinforced polyester, and it appeared to be simultaneously artistic and industrial.

The 1970 Osaka structure was greatly admired by the British architect Richard Rogers, and in 1971 the two men decided to open their own firm, Piano and Rogers, where they worked together from 1971 to 1977. The first project of the firm was the administrative building of B&B Italia, an Italian furniture company, in Novedrate, Como, Italy. This design featured suspended container and an open bearing structure, with the conduits for heating and water on the exterior painted in bright colors (blue, red and yellow).These unusual features attracted considerable attention in the architectural world, and influenced the choice of the jurors who selected Piano and Rogers to design the Pompidou Center.

鋼琴誕生於意大利熱那亞,成為一個建築家庭。他的祖父創建了一個磚石企業,由他的父親Carlo Piano和他父親的三個兄弟擴展到Fratelli鋼琴公司。第二次世界大戰後,該公司興旺發達,建造房屋和工廠,銷售建築材料。當他的父親退休時,該企業由Renzo的哥哥Ermanno領導,他在熱那亞大學學習工程學。 Renzo在米蘭理工大學學習建築。他於1964年畢業,主修了由Giuseppe Ciribini監督的模塊化協調(coordinazione modulare),並開始研究實驗輕量結構和基本避難所。

1965年至1968年,鋼琴在理工大學任教,並在兩家大型國際公司工作,為費城的現代主義建築師路易斯·卡恩和倫敦的波蘭工程師Zygmunt Stanlislaw Makowski工作,拓展了他的視野和技術技能。 1968年,他在熱那亞完成了他的第一座建築 – IPE工廠,其屋頂採用了鋼筋和增強聚酯,並在同一年為米蘭三年展建造了一個用於覆蓋展館的連續膜。 1970年,他在日本大阪舉辦的第70屆世博會意大利工業館獲得了他的第一個國際委員會。他與他的兄弟Ermanno和製造這種結構的家族企業合作。它重量輕,原始由鋼和增強聚酯組成,它似乎同時具有藝術性和工業性。

1970年的大阪建築得到了英國建築師理查德·羅傑斯的極大讚賞,並於1971年決定開設自己的公司,鋼琴和羅傑斯,他們在1971年至1977年間一起工作。該公司的第一個項目是行政大樓B&B Italia是一家意大利家具公司,位於意大利科莫的Novedrate。這種設計採用懸掛式容器和開放式軸承結構,外部采暖和水管道塗上鮮豔的顏色(藍色,紅色和黃色)。這些不尋常的特徵在建築界引起了相當大的關注,並影響了它的選擇。選擇鋼琴和羅傑斯設計蓬皮杜藝術中心的陪審員。

Projects under construction or in development
– Jerome L. Greene Science Center for Mind Brain Behavior. in the new Manhattanville Campus of Columbia University in Harlem, New York City, (with SOM). Besides the Greene science center, the RPBW is building the Lenfest Center for the Arts, the Forum, and the School of International and Public Affairs.
– Academy Museum of Motion Pictures in Los Angeles, a conversion of the former May Company Department Store (1939), an Art Deco landmark.(Scheduled to open in 2018).
– Sesto San Giovanni masterplan, Milan, Italy (2004–)
– One Sydney Harbour tower in Sydney, Australia
– Transbay Tower at 555 Howard St., in San Francisco, with 255 hotel rooms and 69 residential units Construction may begin in 2018.
– Sauerkrause Gateway Center at 1459 Grand Avenue, West Des Moines, Iowa. Kum & Go Headquarters.
– 565 Broome at 565 Broome St., a twin-tower 30-story residential building in the west Soho neighborhood of Manhattan, broke ground in December 2015 and is scheduled to be completed in 2018. The building is Piano’s first ever residential structure in New York.
– Kum & Go Corporate Headquarters, Des Moines, Iowa
– New Toronto Courthouse, Toronto, Ontario. To start construction in late 2018.
– Float Office Building, Düsseldorf, Germany, to be completed in 2018,
– It has been announced that the Piano firm would partner with a Baltimore firm to design the Stavros Niarchos Foundation Agora Institute on the campus of The Johns Hopkins University.

– Jerome L. Greene思維腦行為科學中心。位於紐約哈萊姆市哥倫比亞大學曼哈頓維爾新校區(與SOM合作)。除了Greene科學中心之外,RPBW還建立了Lenfest藝術中心,論壇和國際與公共事務學院。
– 位於洛杉磯的奧斯卡動畫博物館,由前五月公司百貨商店(1939年)改建而成,是一個裝飾藝術的地標。(計劃於2018年開業)。
– Sesto San Giovanni總體規劃,意大利米蘭(2004-)
– 澳大利亞悉尼的一座悉尼港塔
– 位於舊金山霍華德街555號的Transbay Tower,擁有255間酒店客房和69套住宅單元。施工可能始於2018年。
– 位於愛荷華州西得梅因市1459 Grand Avenue的Sauerkrause Gateway Centre。 Kum&Go總部。
– 布魯姆位於曼哈頓西區Soho街區的一棟雙層塔式住宅樓,位於布魯姆街565號,於2015年12月破土動工,預計於2018年完工。該建築是鋼琴在新建的第一座住宅結構。約克。
– 愛荷華州得梅因的Kum&Go公司總部
– 新多倫多法院大樓,多倫多,安大略省。於2018年底開始施工。
– 德國杜塞爾多夫浮動辦公樓將於2018年竣工,
– 已宣布鋼琴公司將與巴爾的摩公司合作,在約翰霍普金斯大學校園內設計Stavros Niarchos Foundation Agora Institute。




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