San Francisco City Hall 舊金山市政廳
Type Government offices
Architectural style Beaux-Arts
Location 1 Dr. Carlton B. Goodlett Place
San Francisco, California
Coordinates 37.77919°N 122.41914°WCoordinates: 37.77919°N 122.41914°W
Construction started 1913
Cost US$3.4 million
($80.5 million dollars in 2016)
Owner City and County of San Francisco
Management Real Estate Division
Antenna spire 93.73 m (307.5 ft)
Floor count 5, including ground floor
Floor area >46,000 m2 (500,000 sq ft)
Lifts/elevators 7 (6 passenger, 1 freight)
Design and construction
Architect Bakewell & Brown
San Francisco Designated Landmark
Reference no. 21
地點1 Dr. Carlton B. Goodlett Place
坐標37.77919°N 122.41914°W坐標：37.77919°N 122.41914°W
San Francisco City Hall is the seat of government for the City and County of San Francisco, California. Re-opened in 1915 in its open space area in the city’s Civic Center, it is a Beaux-Arts monument to the City Beautiful movement that epitomized the high-minded American Renaissance of the 1880s to 1917. The structure’s dome is taller than that of the United States Capitol by 42 feet. The present building replaced an earlier City Hall that was destroyed during the 1906 earthquake, which was two blocks from the present one. It was bounded by Larkin Street, McAllister Street, and City Hall Avenue (a street, now built over, which ran from the corner of Grove and Larkin to the corner of McAllister and Leavenworth), largely where the current Public Library and U.N. Plaza stand today.
The principal architect was Arthur Brown, Jr., of Bakewell & Brown, whose attention to the finishing details extended to the doorknobs and the typeface to be used in signage. Brown’s blueprints of the building are preserved at the Bancroft Library at the University of California, Berkeley. Brown also designed the San Francisco War Memorial Opera House, Veterans Building, Temple Emanuel, Coit Tower and the Federal office building at 50 United Nations Plaza.
舊金山市政廳（San Francisco City Hall）是美國舊金山市政中心的政府辦公大樓，學院派建築風格（Beaux-Arts），興建於1913年到1915年的城市美化運動中，其巨大的穹頂名列世界第5位。目前的市政廳建築是為了取代徹底毀於1906年舊金山大地震的舊市政廳。
主要建築師是小亞瑟布朗（Arthur Brown, Jr.），其設計藍圖保存在加州大學伯克利分校的班克羅夫特圖書館（Bancroft Library）。布朗還設計了戰爭紀念歌劇院、退伍軍人大廈、以馬內利會堂（Temple Emanuel）, 科伊特塔（Coit Tower）和聯合國廣場（United Nations Plaza）50號的聯邦辦公大樓。
1 Dr Carlton B Goodlett Pl, San Francisco, CA 94102美國
The building’s vast open space is more than 500,000 square feet (46,000 m2) and occupies two full city blocks. It is 390 ft (120 m) between Van Ness Avenue and Polk Street, and 273 ft (83 m) between Grove and McAllister Streets. Its dome, which owes much to Mansart’s Baroque domes of the Val-de-Grâce (church) and Les Invalides in Paris, rises 307.5 ft (93.7 m) above the Civic Center Historic District. It is 19 ft (5.8 m) higher than the United States Capitol, and has a diameter of 112 ft (34 m), resting upon 4 x 50 ton (44.5 metric ton) and 4 x 20 ton (17.8 metric ton) girders, each 9 ft (2.7 m) deep and 60 ft (18 m) long.
The building as a whole contains 7,900 tons (7,035 metric tons) of structural steel from the American Bridge Company of Ambridge, Pennsylvania near Pittsburgh. It is faced with Madera County granite on the exterior, and Indiana sandstone within, together with finish marbles from Alabama, Colorado, Vermont, and Italy. Much of the statuary is by Henri Crenier.
The Rotunda is a spectacular space and the upper levels are public and handicapped accessible. Opposite the grand staircase, on the second floor, is the office of the Mayor. Bronze busts of former Mayor George Moscone and his successor, Dianne Feinstein, stand nearby as tacit reminders of the Moscone assassination, which took place just a few yards from that spot in the smaller rotunda of the mayor’s office entrance. A bust of former county supervisor Harvey Milk, who was assassinated in the building was unveiled on May 22, 2008. While hard to discern these days, the inscription that dominates the grand Rotunda and the entrance to the mayor’s small rotunda, right below Father Time, reads:
Interior stairs lead to the Board of Supervisor’s meeting chamber
SAN • FRANCISCO
O • GLORIOVS • CITY • OF • OVR
HEARTS • THAT • HAST • BEEN
TRIED • AND • NOT • FOVND
WANTING • GO • THOV • WITH
LIKE • SPIRIT • TO • MAKE
THE • FVTVRE • THINE
1912 JAMES ROLPH JR. MAYOR 1931
建築廣闊的空地面積超過50萬平方英尺（4.6萬平方米），佔地兩個完整的城市街區。 Van Ness大道和Polk街之間為390英尺（120米），Grove和McAllister街之間為273英尺（83米）。它的圓頂，這很大程度上要歸功於薩爾的的聖寵谷（教堂）和榮軍院在巴黎的巴洛克圓頂，上升307.5英尺（93.7米）以上的市民中心歷史街區。它是19英尺（5.8米）比美國國會大廈更高，並且其直徑的112英尺（34米），擱在4×50噸（44.5公噸）和4×20噸（17.8公噸）大樑，每9英尺（2.7米）深，60英尺（18米）長。
圓形大廳是一個壯觀的空間，上層是公共和殘疾人通道。在大樓的對面，二樓是市長辦公室。前市長喬治莫斯貢和他的繼任者，范士丹的青銅半身像，站在莫斯克尼暗殺，發生在市長辦公室門口的小圓形大廳那個地方只有幾碼的附近的默契提醒。 2008年5月22日，在該樓被暗殺的前縣監督哈維·牛奶（Harvey Milk）雖然這些日子很難分辨，但在“圓形大廳”中占主導地位的題詞和“時間之父”下面的大圓形大廳的入口處卻寫著：
1912年JAMES ROLPH JR。大1931年
SAN FRANCISCO – 1906 IN HD
The current City Hall building is a replacement for an original building which was completed in 1899 after 27 years of planning and construction.The original city hall was a much larger building which also contained a smaller extension which contained the city’s Hall of Records.
The building was destroyed in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. Reconstruction plans following the earthquake wanted the buildings design and plans to work with noted city planner and architect Daniel Burnham’s plan to rebuild the city, and in particular, the Civic Center complex in a neo-classical design as part of the city beautiful movement, as well as a desire to rebuild the city in time for the 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition. After Arthur Brown Junior’s design was selected, construction started in 1913 and was completed by 1915, in time for the Exposition.
The main rotunda had served as the location of many prominent state funerals. General Fredrick Funston, hero of the Spanish–American War, Philippine–American War, and the 1906 earthquake had his there in 1917.
Joe DiMaggio and Marilyn Monroe were married at City Hall in 1954.
In May 1960, the main Rotunda was a site of a student protest against the House Un-American Activities Committee and a countering police action whereby students from UC Berkeley, Stanford, and other local colleges were fire hosed down the steps beneath the rotunda. This event was memorialized by students during the Free Speech Movement at UC Berkeley four years later.
Mayor George Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk were assassinated at City Hall in 1978, by former Supervisor Dan White.
The original San Francisco City Hall in ruins following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake
The Loma Prieta earthquake of 1989 damaged the structure, and twisted the dome four inches (102 mm) on its base. Afterward, under the leadership of the San Francisco Bureau of Architecture in collaboration with Carey & Co. preservation architects, and Forell/Elsesser Engineers, work was completed to render the building earthquake resistant through a base isolation system,[notes 1] which would likely prevent total collapse of the building. City Hall reopened after its seismic upgrade in January 1999, and was the world’s largest base-isolated structure at that time.
The city hall has attempted to recruit peregrine falcons to nest in aeries outside the dome. Pigeon droppings have to be periodically cleaned from the pair of glass-covered light wells that were covered with concrete at the height of modernism. The new city hall in nearby San Jose has already drawn at least one pair of falcons, discovered by Mayor Ron Gonzales himself as he saw pigeon feathers descend past a window during a meeting.
The original grand plaza has undergone several extensive renovations, with radical changes in its appearance and utility. Prior to the 1960s there were extensive brick plazas, few trees, and a few large, simple, raised, and circular ponds with central fountains, all in a style that discouraged loitering. The plaza was then extensively excavated for underground parking. At this time a central rectangular pond, with an extensive array of water vents (strangely, all in several strict rows and all pointing east, with identical arcs of water, and completely without sculptural embellishment), was added, with extensive groves of trees (again, in 60s modernist style, planted with absolute military precision on rectangular grids). In the 1990s, with the rise of the problem of homelessness, the plaza was once again remodeled to make it somewhat less habitable—although the most significant change, the replacement of the pond and pumps with a lawn, could be reasonably justified on the basis of energy and water conservation.
Martha Cohen, director of Special Events, has added color changeable LED lighting to the outside of the Rotunda, and between the exterior columns. The colors change to coincide with different events happening in the city and elsewhere.
舊金山1906年大地震中的建築物被摧毀。震後重建計劃想要的建築設計和計劃工作與著名城市規劃師和建築師丹尼爾·伯納姆的計劃，重建城市，特別是在新古典主義設計的文娛中心複雜的城市美化運動的一部分，以及1915年巴拿馬 – 太平洋國際博覽會的重建願望。 Arthur Brown Junior的設計被選中後，於1913年開始施工，並於1915年完工，屆時將進入博覽會。
Joe DiMaggio和Marilyn Monroe於1954年在市政廳結婚。
1978年，前主管丹·懷特（Dan White）在市政廳暗殺了喬治·莫斯克尼（George Moscone）主管和哈維·牛奶（Harvey Milk）主管。
1989年的Loma Prieta地震破壞了這個結構，並在其基座上扭轉了四英寸（102毫米）的圓頂。隨後，建築的舊金山局會同凱里＆有限公司建築師保鮮，Forell / Elsesser工程師的領導下，工作已經完成渲染建築抗震通過基於隔離系統防[注意事項1]這將可能防止建築物完全倒塌。市政廳在1999年1月的地震升級後重新開放，是當時世界上最大的基礎隔離結構。
Special Events的主管Martha Cohen在圓形大廳的外面和外面的柱子之間增加了可更換顏色的LED照明。顏色會隨著城市和其他地方發生的不同事件而變化。
HERE6 – SCAPEGOAT THE 1871-1906 SAN FRANCISCO CITY HALL
◄ SAN FRANCISCO CITY HALL, SAN FRANCISCO [HD] ►
BEAUTIFUL SAN FRANCISCO CITY HALL WEDDING :: BY UFORIA FILMS
SAN FRANCISCO CITY HALL CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION: PART 1: LIGHT SHOW ON THE CITY HALL BUILDING
The beauty of City Hall has not been lost on filmmakers working in San Francisco; a good many films have shot scenes in and around the building. Ironically, that which may be City Hall’s best-known scene does not take place in San Francisco but in Washington, DC. A scene in Raiders of the Lost Ark was filmed in the rotunda as a late addition to the production when it was decided that a coda was needed for Indiana Jones and Marion Ravenwood’s relationship. The City Hall was prominently featured throughout and famously at the end of Invasion of the Body Snatchers. Dirty Harry filmed a key scene in the Mayor’s office itself. In the opening sequence of The Towering Inferno, the film’s dedication is superimposed over a shot of City Hall, and the helicopter taking Paul Newman to the Glass Tower is shown flying over the building.
Other films that feature City Hall include:
The scene from A View to a Kill (the last James Bond film to star Roger Moore) is particularly memorable for the blaze which tore through the building as a result of an attempt to kill Bond and Stacey Sutton, however they managed to escape stealing a fire truck in the process.
Other published links:
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