Lloyd’s building 勞埃德的建築


The Lloyd’s building (sometimes known as the Inside-Out Building) is the home of the insurance institution Lloyd’s of London. It is located on the former site of East India House in Lime Street, in London’s main financial district, the City of London. The building is a leading example of radical Bowellism architecture in which the services for the building, such as ducts and lifts, are located on the exterior to maximise space in the interior.

Twenty-five years after completion in 1986, the building received Grade I listing in 2011; it was the youngest structure ever to obtain this status. It is said by Historic England to be “universally recognised as one of the key buildings of the modern epoch”.

勞埃德大廈(有時被稱為Inside-Out大樓)是倫敦勞埃德保險機構的所在地。 它位於倫敦主要金融區倫敦市的萊姆街東印度之家的舊址。 該建築是激進的Bowellism建築的一個典型代表,其中建築物的服務,如管道和升降機,位於外部,以最大化內部空間。

該建築物於1986年建成二十五年後,於2011年獲得一級上市; 這是獲得這種地位的最年輕的結構。 據英格蘭歷史所說,它“被普遍認為是現代時代的重要建築之一”。

Type:Office building
Location:Lime Street
London, EC3
Coordinates:51°30′47″N 0°04′56.5″WCoordinates: 51°30′47″N 0°04′56.5″W
Construction started:1978
Completed:1986; 33 years ago
Owner:Ping An Insurance
Antenna spire:95.1 m (312 ft)
Roof:88 m (289 ft)
Technical details
Floor count:14
Lifts/elevators:14 (12 external, 2 internal)
Design and construction
Architect:Richard Rogers and Partners
Project Architects:
Richard Rogers
Graham Stirk
Ivan Harbour
Chris Wilkinson
John McAslan
Peter St. John
Structural engineer:Arup
Peter Rice
Services engineer:Arup
Main contractor:Bovis
Designations:Grade I listed

坐標:51°30’47“N 0°04’56.5”WCoordinates:51°30’47“N 0°04’56.5”W
完成時間:1986年; 33年前
建築師:Richard Rogers and Partners



The current Lloyd’s building (address 1 Lime Street) was designed by the architect company Richard Rogers and Partners (now Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners) and built between 1978 and 1986. Bovis was the management contractor. Like the Pompidou Centre in Paris (designed by Renzo Piano and Rogers), the building was innovative in having its services such as staircases, lifts, ductwork, electrical power conduits and water pipes on the outside, leaving an uncluttered space inside. The 12 glass lifts were the first of their kind in the United Kingdom. Like the Pompidou Centre, the building was highly influenced by the work of Archigram in the 1950s and 1960s.

The building consists of three main towers and three service towers around a central, rectangular space. Its core is the large Underwriting Room on the ground floor, which houses the Lutine Bell within the Rostrum. Also on the first floor is loss book which for 300 years has had entries of significant losses entered by quill. The Underwriting Room (often simply called “the Room”) is overlooked by galleries, forming a 60 metres (197 ft) high atrium lit naturally through a huge barrel-vaulted glass roof. The first four galleries open onto the atrium space, and are connected by escalators through the middle of the structure. The higher floors are glassed in and can only be reached via the exterior lifts.

The 11th floor houses the Committee Room (also known as the Adam Room), an 18th-century dining room designed for the 2nd Earl of Shelburne by Robert Adam in 1763; it was transferred piece by piece from the previous (1958) Lloyd’s building across the road at 51 Lime Street.

The Lloyd’s building is 88 metres (289 ft) to the roof, with 14 floors. On top of each service core stand the cleaning cranes, increasing the overall height to 95.10 metres (312 ft). Modular in plan, each floor can be altered by addition or removal of partitions and walls.

In 2008 the Twentieth Century Society called for the building to be Grade I listed and in 2011 it was granted this status.

The building was previously owned by Dublin-based real estate firm Shelbourne Development Group, who purchased it in 2004 from a German investment bank. In July 2013 it was sold to the Chinese company Ping An Insurance in a £260 million deal.


目前勞埃德大樓(地址1 Lime Street)由建築師公司Richard Rogers and Partners(現為Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners)設計,建於1978年至1986年間.Bovis是管理承包商。與巴黎的蓬皮杜中心(由Renzo Piano和Rogers設計)一樣,該建築在外部提供諸如樓梯,升降機,管道系統,電力管道和水管等服務,並在內部留下整潔的空間。 12台玻璃升降機是英國同類升降機中的第一台。與蓬皮杜中心一樣,該建築在20世紀50年代和60年代受到Archigram工作的極大影響。

該建築由三個主塔和三個服務塔組成,圍繞著一個中央矩形空間。它的核心是位於底層的大型承保室,其中包括講台內的Lutine Bell。另一層也是損失簿,300年來一直有羽毛筆輸入的重大損失。承保室(通常簡稱為“房間”)被畫廊所忽視,形成一個60米(197英尺)高的中庭,通過巨大的桶形拱形玻璃屋頂自然點亮。前四個畫廊通向中庭空間,並通過自動扶梯連接到中間結構。較高的樓層是玻璃,只能通過外部電梯到達。

11樓設有委員會會議室(也稱為亞當廳),這是一座18世紀的餐廳,由羅伯特·亞當於1763年為謝爾本的第二伯爵設計;它是從上一個(1958年)勞埃德大樓一點一塊地轉移到51 Lime Street的馬路對面。



該建築曾由都柏林的房地產公司Shelbourne Development Group擁有,該公司於2004年從一家德國投資銀行購買。 2013年7月,它以2.6億英鎊的價格賣給了中國公司平安保險。

The first Lloyd’s building (address 12 Leadenhall Street) had been built on this site in 1928. In 1958, due to expansion of the market, a new building was constructed across the road at 51 Lime Street (now the site of the Willis Building). Lloyd’s now occupied the Heysham Building and the Cooper Building.

By the 1970s Lloyd’s had again outgrown these two buildings and proposed to extend the Cooper Building. In 1978, the corporation ran an architectural competition which attracted designs from practices such as Foster Associates, Arup and I.M. Pei. Lloyd’s commissioned Richard Rogers to redevelop the site, and the original 1928 building on the western corner of Lime and Leadenhall Streets was demolished to make way for the present one which was officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II on 18 November 1986. The 1928 building’s entrance at 12 Leadenhall Street was preserved and forms a rather incongruous attachment to the 1986 structure. Demolition of the 1958 building commenced in 2004 to make way for the 26-storey Willis Building.

1928年,第一座勞埃德大樓(地址為12 Leadenhall Street)建在這個地盤上。1958年,由於市場的擴大,在萊姆街51號(現為威利斯大廈遺址)的馬路對面建造了一幢新大樓。 。勞埃德現在佔據了Heysham大樓和Cooper大樓。

到了20世紀70年代,勞埃德再次超越了這兩座建築,並提議擴建庫珀大廈。 1978年,該公司舉辦了一場建築競賽,吸引了Foster Associates,Arup和I.M. Pei等公司的設計。勞埃德委託理查德羅傑斯重新開發該遺址,並在1986年11月18日女王伊麗莎白二世正式開放的現有建築物上拆除了位於Lime和Leadenhall Streets西角的原始建築1928年.1928建築的入口處Leadenhall街12號保存完好,與1986年的結構形成了相當不協調的依戀。 1958年大樓的拆除工作於2004年開始,為26層高的威利斯大廈讓路。

FROM:The Lloyds Building

FROM:Lloyd’s building in City of London Facts and Figures September 2016 Footages

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