Sheikh Zayed Mosque 扎耶德清真寺
Location Abu Dhabi, U.A.E.
Geographic coordinates 24.412°N 54.474°ECoordinates: 24.412°N 54.474°E
Branch/tradition Sunni Islam (Malikite)
Country United Arab Emirates
Architectural type Mosque
Completed 20 December 2007
Construction cost 2 billion dirhams
Capacity over 41000
Length 420 m (1,380 ft)
Width 290 m (950 ft)
Dome(s) 82 domes of seven different sizes
Dome height (outer) 85 m (279 ft)
Dome dia. (outer) 32.2 m (106 ft)
Minaret height 107 m (351 ft)
Address: Sheikh Rashid Bin Saeed Street, 5th St – Abu Dhabi – United Arab Emirates
Completed: December 20, 2007
Building height: 115 meters
Architectural Style: Islamic Architecture, Mughal Architecture, Moorish Architecture
地理坐標24.412°N 54.474°EC坐標：24.412°N 54.474°E
地址：Sheikh Rashid Bin Saeed Street，5th St – 阿布扎比 – 阿拉伯聯合大公國
Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque (Arabic: جامع الشيخ زايد الكبير) is located in Abu Dhabi, the capital city of the United Arab Emirates,. The largest mosque in the country, it is the key place of worship for Friday gathering and Eid prayers. During Eid it may be visited by more than 41,000 people.
The Grand Mosque was constructed between 1996 and 2007. It was designed by Syrian architect Yousef Abdelky. The building complex measures approximately 290 m (960 ft) by 420 m (1,380 ft), covering an area of more than 12 hectares (30 acres), excluding exterior landscaping and vehicle parking.
The project was launched by the late president of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, who wanted to establish a structure that would unite the cultural diversity of the Islamic world with the historical and modern values of architecture and art. His final resting place is located on the grounds adjacent to the complex.
Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque Center (SZGMC) offices are located in the west minarets. SZGMC manages the day-to-day operations and serves as a center of learning and discovery through its educational cultural activities and visitor programs.
The library, located in the northeast minaret, serves the community with classic books and publications addressing a range of Islamic subjects: sciences, civilization, calligraphy, the arts, and coins, including some rare publications dating back more than 200 years. The collection comprises material in a broad range of languages, including Arabic, English, French, Italian, Spanish, German, and Korean.
For two years running it was voted the world’s second favourite landmark by TripAdvisor.
MEGASTRUCTURES – SHEIKH ZAYED MOSQUE, ABU DHABI (NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC DOCUMENTARY)
From: MSFTV3Design and construction
The design of the Sheikh Zayed Mosque has been inspired by Persian, Mughal, and the Alexandrian Mosque of Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi Mosque in Egypt, also the Indo-Islamic mosque architecture, particularly the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore, Pakistan being direct influences. The dome layout and floorplan of the mosque was inspired by the Badshahi Mosque. Its archways are quintessentially Moorish and its minarets classically Arab.
Under lead contractor Impregilo (Italy), more than 3,000 workers and 38 sub-contracting companies took part in its construction. Natural materials were chosen for much of its design and construction due to their long-lasting qualities, including marble stone, gold, semi-precious stones, crystals and ceramics. Artisans and materials came from many countries including India, Italy, Germany, Egypt, Turkey, Morocco, Pakistan, Malaysia, Iran, China, United Kingdom, New Zealand, Republic of Macedonia and United Arab Emirates.
SHEIKH ZAYED GRAND MOSQUE PROJECTIONS
謝赫·扎耶德清真寺的設計靈感來自波斯，莫臥兒和埃及阿布·阿巴斯·穆爾西清真寺的亞歷山大清真寺，也是印度伊斯蘭清真寺建築，特別是巴基斯坦拉合爾的巴德斯海清真寺，是直接的影響。 清真寺的圓頂佈局和平面圖是受巴德沙希清真寺的啟發。 它的拱門典型地是摩爾人和它的典型阿拉伯的尖塔。
在主要承包商Impregilo（意大利）的領導下，有3000多名工人和38家分包公司參與了建設。 天然材料由於其長久的品質，包括大理石，黃金，半寶石，水晶和陶瓷，在設計和建造的大部分時間被選中。 工匠和材料來自印度，意大利，德國，埃及，土耳其，摩洛哥，巴基斯坦，馬來西亞，伊朗，中國，英國，新西蘭，馬其頓共和國和阿拉伯聯合酋長國等國家。
Tractabel Al Khaleej
Speirs and Major Associates
Gobierno Municipal de Abu Dhabi
Jeque Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Maqtaa, Abu Dhabi, United Arab
Tractabel Al Khaleej
SHEIKH ZAYED MOSQUE DJI OSMO MOBILE
From: emad alhezami
The design of the Sheikh Zayed Mosque has been directly influenced by the architecture of Moorish and Arab mosques Mughal architecture, particularly the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore, Pakistan with the dome and the plant and the Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca, Morocco. Its arches are Moorish and its minarets essentially Arab. The mosque design can be defined as a fusion of Moorish architecture, Moorish and Mughal.
The lighting design was crucial to give coherence to the complex architecture and interior design, must be sensitive to the different materials used. There were numerous challenges, including spaces for various purposes, including TV events. Architectural details should be revealed carefully, being essential to hide from view as much as possible all the equipment necessary for the proper functioning.
The light sources were integrated into caves, ledges, niches and behind the carved wooden latticework known as Mashrabiya. The aim was to achieve the greatest appearance of lightness and the necessary levels of indirect light. The result is that the building seems to glow with a natural luminosity, despite the predominance of artificial light sources. The designers emphasize the particularities of construction: marble panels, glass mosaics, carved plaster panels and calligraphy. Each material is lit with an appropriate technique that reveals its texture and natural grain. Qibla The prayer wall, pointing to Mecca, has become a unique piece of art, with an integration of light and the material in a symbolic light panel.
An essential step for the success of the program was in a constant process of trial and trial design workshops, developing concepts and models to ensure that the many lighting effects create a unique composition.
The general concept was designed to ensure that the building had a historical impact on the region and provide impressive interior spaces. Because the Islamic religious calendar based on the lunar cycle, the moon became a source of inspiration and a unifying element of the design.
The mosque was created with a poetic, based on the image of the full moon with wisps of clouds moving across her face. The building changes its appearance as you go lunar cycle, bathed in cold white light of the full moon, and changing color every two nights, growing gradually more blue as the moon wanes. In the fourteenth evening the mosque is lit in deepest blue to signify the darkness, but the viewer is unable to perceive the change from one color to another.
Jonathan Speirs, the architect responsible for developing lighting said:
“… In the same way that the moon influences the tides, we wanted the moon had an impact on the building. The idea was to have a building that, at full moon, will light sparkling white light, but with a textural quality evocative of clouds slowly drifting in front of a full white moon… “.
In the building there are all the classic elements required of a mosque, with additional details to be truly unique and unforgettable. There are over 80 domes and four minarets that rise to a height of 107m. Different materials make up the mosque including 28 different types of marble and a huge amount of stone, 220,000 m2.
The purists search to find the whitest marble went from one country to another and did not stop until they found a perfect pure white marble, with enduring qualities and sufficient to withstand extreme weather conditions such as high temperatures, humidity and sandstorms UAE. Its construction was performed essentially different types of marble, plaster, wood and mosaics. The mosque has the largest hand-woven carpet in the world.
Semiprecious stones and marbles
We used thousands of rare and semi-precious stones for decoration of the mosque, especially embedded in the marble: lapis lazuli, amethyst, red onyx, aventurine, pearl and abalone (Haliotis fulgens) among others.
The floral design pearl and gold with semi precious stones has been used extensively throughout Sheikh Zayed Mosque.
Both the mosque and in the minarets, were used for siding 115.119 m2 of pure white marble brought from Macedonia, extracted from quarries Mermeren. The warm white marble used for interior sections enontró in the snowy peaks of Lhasa, Italy.
Several of the parts used in the complex floral design of the columns and patio area were hand cut into cubes, individually and only used the right colors. Each piece had to be cut accordingly to fit inside the white marble and go precut floral design composing. The huge Qibla wall in the prayer hall is also surrounded by beautiful floral designs.
Careful planning has also included trying to make the mosque was resistant to earthquakes, using strong materials.
The main room has 10 base lamps with gold-plated copper, decorated with crystals. Each measures 10 meters in length and weighing 9 tons, copper based gold coated, manufactured in Germany by the company Swarovski.
In vertical lighting interior uses Lightcast hundreds of projectors, projectors and wall washers Stella Stella, all hidden from view. Also been used to fiber optics in some cases, such as the lighting of the Wall of Prayers.
Energy efficiency has begun to become important also in Gulf countries, hence, in cases in which there was no need adjustability, lighting elements are equipped with metal halide lamps economic and long-lived.
Technically complex, the outdoor lighting system involves hidden projectors that create the impression of clouds drifting in the direction of Mecca, slowly wrapping around the minarets and domes across the surface of the mosque. Maintenance is a crucial issue. In total, approximately 19,000 machines were used lighting in the project, however, only used six types of lamps.
The mosque was awarded the “Middle East Lighting Design Award 2008” for best lighting design throughout the Middle East.
Main hall carpet
The carpet in the main prayer hall, is considered the world’s largest carpet. Made by Iran’s Carpet Company and designed by the artist
Iranian Ali Khaliqi this carpet measures 5,627 m2 and was made by knotting carpets 1200-1300. The weight is 35 tonnes and is made of wool mainly native to New Zealand and Iran. There are 2,268,000,000 knots within the carpet and it took about two years to complete.
MEGASTRUCTURE SHEIKH ZAYED MOSQUE CONSTRUCTION ABU DHABI (U.A.E).
From: Paul Johns
Dimensions and statistics
Interior of the Main Prayer Hall in Sheikh Zayed Mosque
The mosque is large enough to accommodate over 40,000 worshippers, while the main prayer hall can hold over 7,000. There are two smaller prayer halls, with a capacity of 1,500 each, one of which is the women’s prayer hall.
There are four minarets on the four corners of the courtyard which rise about 107 m (351 ft) in height. The courtyard, with its floral design, measures about 17,000 m2 (180,000 sq ft), and is considered to be the largest example of marble mosaic in the world.
Sivec from Prilep, Macedonia was used on the external cladding (115,119 m2 (1,239,130 sq ft) of cladding has been used on the mosque, including the minarets)
Lasa from Laas, South Tyrol, Italy was used in the internal elevations
Makrana from Makrana, India was used in the annexes and offices
Aquabiana and Biano from Italy
East White and Ming Green from China
THE SHAIKH ZAYED GRAND MOSQUE IN ABU DHABI
Key architectural features
The Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque has many special and unique elements: The carpet in the main prayer hall is considered[who?] to be the world’s largest carpet made by Iran’s Carpet Company and designed by Iranian artist Ali Khaliqi. This carpet measures 5,627 m2 (60,570 sq ft), and was made by around 1,200-1,300 carpet knotters. The weight of this carpet is 35 ton and is predominantly made from wool (originating from New Zealand and Iran). There are 2,268,000,000 knots within the carpet and it took approximately two years to complete.
The Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque has seven imported chandeliers from the company Faustig in Munich, Germany that incorporate millions of Swarovski crystals. The largest chandelier is the second largest known chandelier inside a mosque, the third largest in the world and has a 10 m (33 ft) diameter and a 15 m (49 ft) height.The pools along the arcades reflect the mosque’s spectacular columns, which becomes even more glorious at night. The unique lighting system was designed by lighting architects Speirs and Major Associates to reflect the phases of the moon. Beautiful bluish gray clouds are projected in lights onto the external walls and get brighter and darker according to the phase of the moon.
The 96 columns in the main prayer hall are clad with marble and inlaid with mother of pearl, one of the few places where you will see this craftsmanship.
The 99 names (qualities or attributes) of God (Allah) are featured on the Qibla wall in traditional Kufic calligraphy, designed by the prominent UAE calligrapher — Mohammed Mandi Al Tamimi. The Qibla wall also features subtle fibre-optic lighting, which is integrated as part of the organic design.
In total, three calligraphy styles — Naskhi, Thuluth and Kufic — are used throughout the mosque and were drafted by Mohammed Mandi Al Tamimi of the UAE, Farouk Haddad of Syria and Mohammed Allam of Jordan.
上帝（真主）的99個名字（品質或屬性）在傳統的Kufic書法的朝拜牆上展出，由著名的阿聯酋書法家穆罕默德·曼迪·塔米米（Mohammed Mandi Al Tamimi）設計。朝拜牆還具有微妙的光纖照明，這是有機設計的一部分。
整個清真寺總共使用了三種書法風格 – 納斯基（Naskhi），圖盧斯（Thuluth）和庫菲克（Kufic），由阿聯酋的穆罕默德·曼迪·阿·塔米米（Mohammed Mandi Al Tamimi），敘利亞的法魯克·哈達德（Farouk Haddad）和約旦的穆罕默德·阿勒姆（Mohammed Allam）
THE GRAND MOSQUE IN ABU DHABI
From: Martin Professional
SHEIKH ZAYED MOSQUE ABU DHABI LIGHT SHOW CLIP FULL
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ABOUT SHEIKH ZAYED GRAND MOSQUE
Abu Dhabi hosts the third largest mosque in the world – after the ones in Mecca and Madina in Saudi Arabia.
It is named after the founder and first President of the UAE, the late Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan. He chose the location and gave substantial influence on the architecture and the design of the mosque. Based on his vision, the mosque was built with the rise of 11 meters above sea level, and 9.5 meters above the street level so that it is clearly visible from all directions.
It is built as a monument to consolidate Islamic culture and a prominent center for Islamic sciences.
Facts about the Mosque:
The complex covers an area of 22,412 m2.
33,000 tons of steel and 250,000 m3 of concrete were used. They lay on 6,500 foundation piles.
The courtyard has a total of 1,048 columns.
A total of 82 domes belong to the mosque.
The main dome is the largest mosque dome in the world: 85 meters high with a diameter of 32.8 meters.
Some 41,000 worshippers can be accommodated in the mosque, 7,126 in the main prayer hall.
After the first phase involving foundations and the concrete structure, the mosque was finished with a decoration of Greek and Italian white marble, which is considered to be among the purest of the world.
For the interior design, calligraphers from the United Arab Emirates, Syria and Jordan supervised the work of artists from all over the world. Verses from the Holy Quran are written in three types of Arabic calligraphy.
The mosque’s spectacularly decorated interior features unique plants designed specifically for the mosque, as well as verses from the Holly Quran. In addition, the designers have also used mosaic to cover the entire courtyard (17,000 square meters) and thus it is considered among largest largest open spaces in mosques worldwide.
Major international companies specialized in the manufacturing of crystal chandeliers garnished the mosque with seven gold-plated chandeliers in different sizes, made of Swarovski crystals. The largest of the lustres is the largest in the world.
阿布扎比擁有世界第三大清真寺 – 在沙特阿拉伯的麥加和麥地那之後。
它是以阿聯酋創始人和第一任總統謝赫·扎耶德·本·蘇丹·阿勒納哈揚（Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan）的名字命名的。他選擇了位置，並對清真寺的建築和設計產生了重大影響。根據他的設想，這座清真寺建於海拔11米，高出街道9.5米處，清晰可見。
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