Ocean Park Hong Kong 香港海洋公園

Ocean Park Hong Kong, commonly known as Ocean Park, is a marine mammal park, oceanarium, animal theme park and amusement park situated in Wong Chuk Hang and Nam Long Shan in the Southern District of Hong Kong. It is the second largest theme park in Hong Kong, following Hong Kong Disneyland.

Opened in 1977 by the then Governor of Hong Kong Sir Murray MacLehose, Ocean Park became popular but by 2005 was unprofitable and widely expected to lose out to the new Hong Kong Disneyland. However, the Park responded with a HK$5.5 billion development plan that saw it expand to over 80 attractions and rides, and steadily grow visitor numbers to 7.6 million in 2014, making it the world’s 13th most visited theme park, and one of the largest theme parks in Asia. Half of all visitors now come from mainland China, in growth that parallels rising mainland tourist visitor levels to Hong Kong over the same period. Since this high, visitor numbers have declined to around 6 million in 2016 under the background of declining tourist arrivals in Hong Kong.

Covering an area of 91.5 hectares (226 acres), the park is separated by a large mountain into two areas, The Summit (Headland) and The Waterfront (Lowland). These areas can be reached by a 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) cable car system, or the Ocean Express funicular railway. To ascend the Headland comprises several hills, visitors can use Hong Kong’s second longest outdoor escalator.

The theme park has various attractions and rides, including four roller coasters, and also animal exhibits with different themes, such as a giant panda habitat, rainforest and polar displays, as well as an aquarium featuring the world’s largest aquarium dome. Between 1979 and 1997, Ocean Park was most famous for its signature killer whale, Miss Hoi Wai.

As well as being an amusement park, Ocean Park Hong Kong aims to merge entertainment and education, including conservation advocacy. However it has been criticised by wildlife advocates for practices including the wild capture of large sea animals, such as dolphins and orca, and the presentation of shows featuring such animals performing.

Ocean Park is also renowned for holding the largest Halloween events in Asia.

In January 2017, the Ocean Park saw a 30% surge in visitors, credited to a new MTR line, big discounts and an early Lunar New Year holiday.



該公園佔地91.5公頃(226英畝),由一座大山分隔成兩個區域:The Summit(岬角)和The Waterfront(Lowland)。這些區域可通過1.5公里(0.93英里)的纜車系統或Ocean Express索道纜車到達。為了登上岬角有幾座山丘,遊客可以使用香港第二長的戶外自動扶梯。

主題公園擁有各種景點和遊樂設施,包括四個過山車,以及不同主題的動物展品,如大熊貓棲息地,熱帶雨林和極地展示,以及擁有世界上最大的水族館圓頂的水族館。 1979年至1997年間,海洋公園以其標誌性虎鯨海蕙小姐而聞名。




Slogan:Connect people with nature
Location:Wong Chuk Hang, Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong
Coordinates:22°14′45.1″N 114°10′33.3″ECoordinates: 22°14′45.1″N 114°10′33.3″E
Theme:education, conservation, entertainment
Owner:Ocean Park Corporation
Opened:10 January 1977; 42 years ago
Visitors per annum:7.7 million
Area:91.5 hectares (226 acres)
Roller coasters:4
Water rides:2

坐標:22°14’45.1“N 114°10’33.3”ECoordinates:22°14’45.1“N 114°10’33.3”E
開放時間:1977年1月10日; 42年前

Opened in January 1977 by the Governor of Hong Kong, Sir Murray MacLehose, Ocean Park was constructed as a subsidiary of the Hong Kong Jockey Club, with HK$150 million of funding. The land was provided free by the Hong Kong Government. Between 1982 and 1984, the Jockey Club put a further HK$240 million into developing facilities at Tai Shue Wan and thrill rides at the Summit.

Ocean Park ceased to be a Jockey Club subsidiary on 1 July 1987, becoming its own statutory body, with a Government-appointed Board. The Jockey Club established a HK$200 million trust to ensure the Park’s continued development. At present, Ocean Park is managed by the Ocean Park Corporation, a financially independent, non-profit organisation.

In 2003, Allan Zeman, known for leading the creation of the popular Lan Kwai Fong entertainment district of Hong Kong, was appointed Chairman of Ocean Park Corporation, a position he held for 11 years.

In 2005, the year that rival Hong Kong Disneyland opened, Ocean Park unveiled a Master Redevelopment Plan (MRP), under which older features at the park were rejuvenated and new areas developed. The number of attractions more than doubled, from 35 to over 80. The Lowland was redeveloped as a new area called the Waterfront, while the old ‘Headland’ became ‘The Summit’, with polar and rainforest exhibits. A dedicated thrill ride area, Thrill Mountain, opened, and the children’s area was refurbished as Whisker’s Harbour.

The first of the new developments, the Amazing Asian Animals, showcasing some of the Asia’s endangered creatures, including giant pandas, red pandas, Chinese giant salamanders, Asian small-clawed otters and the Chinese alligators, and Ocean Express, a funicular train system capable of transporting 5,000 visitors per hour between the Summit and the Waterfront, were launched in 2009.

In January 2011, the new flagship attraction area Aqua City was opened. The zone features the Grand Aquarium, designed by St. Louis-based PGAV Destinations, displaying some 5,000 fish from over 400 species, and the world’s first and only 360° water screen show Symbio.

In June, the Rainforest, an integrated theme zone featuring over 70 exotic animal species, was opened.

In March 2012, new attraction zone Old Hong Kong opened, evoking the streetscapes and spirit of Hong Kong between the 1950s and the 1970s from various perspectives. In April, the newly refurbished Hong Kong Jockey Club Sichuan Treasures opened. In July, the final element of the redevelopment, Polar Adventure, opened, featuring animals such as penguins, Pacific walruses, spotted seals, northern sea lions, snowy owls and Arctic foxes, aiming to highlight some of the conservation issues they face.

A 20,000 sq ft shark aquarium opened in July 2014 at the former Atoll Reef site.

海洋公園於一九七七年一月由香港總督Murray MacLehose爵士開幕,是香港賽馬會的附屬公司,擁有1.5億港元的資金。這塊土地是由香港政府免費提供的。在一九八二年至一九八四年期間,賽馬會再投入二億四千萬港元用於發展大樹灣的設施及在首腦會議上的驚險遊樂設施。



2005年是競爭對手香港迪士尼樂園開幕的一年,海洋公園推出了重建計劃(MRP),在該計劃下,公園的舊功能得以恢復活力,新區域得以發展。景點數量增加了一倍多,從35個增加到80多個。低地被重新開發為一個名為濱水區的新區域,而舊的“岬角”則成為“山頂”,有極地和熱帶雨林展品。一個專門的驚險刺激區,Thrill Mountain,開放,兒童區被翻新為Whisker’s Harbour。


2011年1月,新的旗艦景點Aqua City開業。該區域設有由位於聖路易斯的PGAV目的地設計的大水族館,展示了來自400多個物種的約5000種魚類,以及世界上第一個也是唯一一個360°水幕秀的Symbio。


2012年3月,舊香港新景點開放,從不同角度喚起20世紀50年代至70年代香港的街景和精神。 4月,新近翻新的香港賽馬會四川寶藏開業。 7月,重新開發的最後一個部分 – 極地探險(Polar Adventure)開放,其中包括企鵝,太平洋海象,斑點海豹,北海獅,雪ow和北極狐等動物,旨在突出他們所面臨的一些保護問題。


Ocean Park now comprises two main attraction areas: the Waterfront and the Summit, subdivided into eight attraction zones: Amazing Asian Animals, Aqua City, Whiskers Harbour, Marine World, Polar Adventure, Adventure Land, Thrill Mountain and the Rainforest.





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